1492: The Year the World Began by Felipe Fernández-Armesto

By Felipe Fernández-Armesto

1492: The 12 months Our global begun by means of Felipe Fernandez-Armesto strains modernity to its roots within the 12 months 1492. It makes a speciality of particular occasions of 1492 (including the Renaissance and voyages of Columbus) which Fernandez-Armesto perspectives as an important to the advance of recent methods of considering and the actual kingdom of the realm this day. Exploring how the production of the earliest surviving globe confirmed an international shrinking with advances in cartography due to exploration, Fernandez-Armesto exhibits how humans, separated by means of hundreds of thousands of years of geographical swap and evolution in phrases tradition and ecology, started to got down to chart the locations they visited, transferring the stability of world energy west and setting up an international alternate which prefigured that of this day, whereas China marked time. whereas civilizations have been rediscovering each other, although, extra divisions emerged as Granada, the final Muslim-ruled nation in Western Europe, fell to Spanish Christians confining Islam to the southern shore of the Mediterranean and the Sahara. in the meantime, Jews expelled from Spain have been making their approach to locations round the Mediterranean and Russia was once increasing North. With confessional, sovereign states at the upward thrust and not easy the pluralistic empires of the prior, ideological transformations have been greater than ever turning into a pretext for warfare. strength and fiscal matters have been on the vanguard in Florence and Rome, and technology and secular clashed with the supernatural. 1492: The yr Our international started explores a very important, but mostly missed element in heritage and demonstrates how occasions in this yr and the encompassing interval begun the globalisation and hegemony of the West and the shaping of energy kinfolk which we see this day.

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Extra resources for 1492: The Year the World Began

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Visit the free online study guide, which provides quizzes and activities to help you master the chapter material. Review the Important Events chronologies to make sure you understand the relationships between major events in the chapter and their sequence. qxd 1/10/08 2:49 AM Page xxxv To t h e Stu d e n t How to Read Primary Sources In each chapter of this textbook you will find many primary sources to broaden your understanding of the development of the West. Primary sources refer to firsthand, contemporary accounts or direct evidence about a particular topic.

History is often defined as the study of change over time; hence the importance of dates for the historian. But just as historians argue over which dates are most significant, they disagree over which dating system to follow. Their debate reveals perhaps the most enduring fact about history — its vitality. qxd 1/10/08 2:49 AM NORWAY Bergen Elevation Feet Meters Over 13,120 6,561–13,120 1,641–6,560 661–1640 0–660 Below sea level Page xl N Over 4,001 2,001–4,000 501–2,000 201–500 0–200 Below sea level SWEDEN Oslo W E Stockholm S SCOTLAND NORTHERN IRELAND National capital Major city Göteborg Edinburgh Se a Glasgow 0 150 150 300 miles 300 kilometers Dublin Ba DENMARK Copenhagen Liverpool Kaliningrad KINGDOM Cork WALES ' Gdansk Birmingham ENGLAND Elb e NETHERLANDS Thames R.

E. E. E. E. E. E. E. , and so on. , standing for “of the common era” (or “of the Christian era”). E. , which stands for the Latin phrase anno Domini (“in the year of the Lord”). D. properly comes before the date being marked. D. 1492, for example, translates as “in the year of the Lord 1492,” meaning 1492 years after the birth of Jesus. E. E. E. E. D. D. 100). , the smaller the number, the earlier the date in history. E. E. E. E. ). E. E. is a date late in the same century. E. E. E. E. , existed in antiquity.

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