By Ron Jenkins (auth.), John V. Gilfrich, Ting C. Huang, I. Cev Noyan, Paul K. Predecki, Charles C. Goldsmith, Ron Jenkins, Deane K. Smith (eds.)
89 articles equipped less than the next part heads: impression of desktops on Xray research. functions of complete development becoming: constitution selection, section identity, Lattice Parameters. Search/Match tools, section id. Diffraction from unmarried Crystals and Epitaxial movies. Xray Characterization of movies and floor Layers. pressure and tension selection, Xray Fractography, Diffraction top Broadening research. Advances in Detectors and Counting Electronics. XRD ideas and Instrumentation, Nonambient purposes, Texture, different functions. Xray Optics, Monochromators and artificial Multilayers. overall mirrored image XRF functions and Instrumentation, different XRF strategies and Instrumentation. Mathematical ideas in Xray Spectrometry. Geological and different purposes of XRS. Index.
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Extra info for Advances in X-Ray Analysis: Volume 37
3. THIN FILMS Solid specimens can be bulk materials, where an increase of the specimen's thickness has no measurable effect upon the emitted fluorescent intensity, or thin films, where the intensity of most analyte lines increases approximately linear with thickness (typically up to around 1000 ... lmm). Thin films packed upon each other are multiple thin films structures, and repeated sets of such multiple thin films structures set upon each other are repetitive thin film structures. Analysis of multiple thin film layers is a quite complex task because all interelement effects within each layer as well as between all elements in all layers across the layer boundaries must be taken into account.
03 °(29). 01 ° to the end of the scan. The integral breaths of 57 reflections were obtained from pattern decomposition by means of the Socabim program FIT. 68). Correction for instrumental broadening was carried out by the Voigt method. From the Williamson-Hall plot (13/ versus d*) it was evident that line broadening was essentially isotropic and that the slope of the line through the points was slightly positive. The latter was first neglected and from the apparent sizes the mean diameter of the assumed spherical crystallites was obtained by a least-squares fitting,
D. P. I. Langford, D. e. Niepce, J.