Ancient Egyptian Literature: Volume I: The Old and Middle by Miriam Lichtheim

By Miriam Lichtheim

Chronologically prepared translations of historic Egyptian writings shed gentle upon the advance of various literary types. Bibliogs.

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Additional resources for Ancient Egyptian Literature: Volume I: The Old and Middle Kingdoms (Ancient Egyptian Literature, a Book of Readings)

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4-6 . 51 ANCIENT EGYPTIAN LITERATURE 52 (1-2 Lands' Horus; Egypt: horizontally) The living Horus: Who prospers the Two the Two Ladies: Who prospers the Two Lands; the Golden Who prospers the Two Lands; the King of Upper and Lower Neferkare; the Son of Re: Sha[baka], beloved of Ptah-South- of-his-Wall, who lives like Re forever ,l . This writing was copied out anew by his majesty in t~e House of his father Ptah_South-of-his-Wall, for his majesty fou~d It to be a work of the ancestors which was worm:eate~.

A. H. Gardiner, JEA, 32. (1946), 71-74. K. -43 (abridged). Erman, Translation: Gunn, Ptah-Hotep and Ke'gemni, pp. -64. Literature, pp. 66-67. Bissing, Lebmswtisheit, pp, 52-53. Comments: W. Federn, JEA, 36 (1950), 48-50. A. H. Gardiner, JEA 37 (1951), 109-110. zss. (I, I) The respectful man prospers, Praised is the modest one, T he tent is open to the silent, T he seat of the quiet is spacious.! f Gluttony is base (5) and is reproved. A cup of water quenches thirst, A mouthful of herbs strengthens the heart; One good thing stands for goodness, A little something stands for much.

The bo dy of the slain Osiris had floated down st ream and was bro ught ashore at Memphis, thereby making Memphis the most saered spot, and rightly cast as the place in which the Two Lands we re joi ned. The restorations of the lacunae are made from lines 62-64, where this narrative is repeated. 8. The first rendering of this difficult passage is based on Sethe's translation ; the alternative ren dering reflects that of Junker. The difficulty centers on the two para llel phrases: fJPT m 93ty m tit Tm, fJPT m ns m tit Tm, in which the use of fJPT m is ambiguous.

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