Base Colonies in the Western Hemisphere, 1940-1967 (Studies by S. High

By S. High

This publication examines the implications of the well-known Anglo-American destroyers-for-bases deal of September 1940, which observed fifty elderly US destroyers exchanged for broad military and army base websites in Trinidad, Bermuda and Newfoundland in addition to smaller websites in British Guiana (Guyana), Antigua, St. Lucia, Jamaica and the Bahamas. In his message to Congress, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared that the deal used to be the “most vital motion within the reinforcement of our nationwide safeguard that has been taken because the Louisiana Purchase.”  whereas the comparability turns out an not likely one this present day, because the ninety nine yr leased bases didn't play a renowned position within the next combating, few americans might have disagreed with Roosevelt’s comparability in September 1940. whereas the diplomatic value of the destroyers for bases deal has been largely stated, few have tested the social impression of those “friendly invasions” at the base colonies themselves. The bases introduced fiscal prosperity and social dislocation, elevating nettlesome questions. may the united states impose Jim Crow because it had within the Panama Canal Zone?  have been US servicemen topic to neighborhood legislation outdoor the leased areas?  What have been the consequences of the USA bases and the way did they evaluate? in keeping with wide archival learn within the usa, nice Britain, Trinidad, Bermuda and Canada, Base Colonies within the Western Hemisphere is the 1st examine to respond to those and different questions inside a cross-regional comparative framework. the result's a desirable exploration into race, category and empire.

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S. State Department closely monitored the Latin American reaction to the Anglo-American deal. These consular reports were consolidated into a single memorandum dated September 10. S. consular staff, area governments generally approved the deal: The degree of approbation has varied from [a] non-committal indication of understanding to enthusiastic support. ” The president of Guatemala, for his part, regretted that his country’s long-standing quarrel with British-controlled Belize was not included in the deal.

Neutrality laws and the power of the Congress. It also allowed Roosevelt to wrap himself in the Stars and Stripes flag: it was a good deal for America. The leasing of base locations was an easier sell to the American public than the acquisition of entire colonies. The latter option, though popular in some quarters, would offend anti-imperialist sentiment in the United States and Latin America as well as British pride. S. senator William H. King submitted a lengthy memorandum that attempted to answer possible critics of the exchange taking shape: It must be borne in mind that these islands and territories are of vital importance to us for national defense, which makes their value as great, if not greater, than the Virgin Islands were to us at the time they were acquired .

Requirements would be 1,200 feet of water frontage, to supply the army base. S. team conferred with the Canadians at Gander, Newfoundland’s one aerodrome. By this time, the Board had resolved on Argentia. For a time, the location of the St. John’s army base remained up in the air with the United States preferring a 160-acre area South of St. John’s. On day five, September 20, the Board prepared a memorandum to Newfoundland’s governor detailing the base requirements. The United States indicated that it intended to build a combined army-navy base at Argentia, an Army base and docks at St.

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