By R. M. W. Dixon
In Basic Linguistic Theory R. M. W. Dixon offers a brand new and basic characterization of the character of human languages and a accomplished consultant to their description and research. In 3 sincerely written and obtainable volumes, he describes how most sensible to head approximately doing linguistics, the main passable and ecocnomic how you can paintings, and the pitfalls to prevent. within the first quantity he addresses the method for recording, analysing, and evaluating languages. He argues that grammatical buildings and principles will be labored out inductively at the foundation of facts, explaining intimately the stairs in which an attested grammar and lexicon can outfitted up from saw utterances. He exhibits how the grammars and phrases of 1 language might be in comparison to others of a similar or diversified households, explains the equipment interested by cross-linguistic parametric analyses, and describes easy methods to interpret the implications. quantity 2 and quantity three (to be released in 2011) supply in-depth excursions of underlying ideas of grammatical association, in addition to the various evidence of grammatical version. 'The activity of the linguist,' Professor Dixon writes, 'is to give an explanation for the character of human languages - each one considered as an built-in approach - including a proof of why each one language is how it is, allied to the extra clinical ambitions of prediction and evaluation.'
Basic Linguistic Theory is the victorious end result of a lifetime's pondering each point and manifestation of language and immersion in linguistic fieldwork. it's a one-stop textual content for undergraduate and graduate scholars of linguistics, in addition to for these in neighbouring disciplines, corresponding to psychology and anthropology.
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Extra resources for Basic Linguistic Theory, Volume 2: Grammatical Topics
What are the other units in the phonological hierarchy; how does phonological word ﬁt into the hierarchy? r Grammatical word 1. 4)? 2. What are the other units in the grammatical hierarchy; how does grammatical word ﬁt into the hierarchy? 3. What are the prosodic possibilities of units that make up a grammatical word? r Does the language have (one or more kinds of) clitics? 5 (and expounded and discussed in more detail in Aikhenvald 2002b): (a) The direction in which they attach to a host—proclitics before the host and enclitics after it.
Thus we get (Bochner 1984: 414–15): poyer ‘peasant’ poyer-l" diminutive poyer-im plural poyer-im-lex diminutive plural Aikhenvald (1999a, 2003: 176–9, 253–4) gives examples of both plural and gender being marked twice—both within a noun and within a verb—in Tariana. We have said that a grammatical word is centred on a root or else on a combination of roots (a compound stem). In some languages there can be a variant type of grammatical word, with no root at all (or perhaps with a zero root). In the Amazonian language Jarawara, the 1sg pronoun preﬁx ocan attach to the feminine declarative suﬃx -ke, to form o-ke, which is both one grammatical word and one phonological word.
To this can be added purposive 12 10 grammatical word and phonological word suﬃx -gu, which is part of the same phonological word as -gimbal. Rules (i) and (ii) then apply separately to the two phonological words within this grammatical word. gimba:lgu If gajarrAgimbalgu had been one phonological word, it would consist of an even number of syllables. gimba:lgu. In some languages the phonological rules that apply within a phonological word relate to stress or tone, and are thus an extension of (b).