By Jose? Ignacio Hualde
This publication is the 1st complete remedy of the phonological approach of Basque on hand in English. Basque is a morphologically wealthy and reasonably usual language with a couple of lively phonological ideas which are restricted to definite morphological environments. furthermore, it has a excessive measure of dialectical fragmentation. those features of Basque make this language a superb try out flooring to enquire the interplay of phonological ideas either with one another and with morphological approaches, which the writer does in the Lexical Phonology framework. the consequences of rule interplay on function geometry are an immense problem - how phonological operations adjust underlying constructions and the way the constructions created through one phonological rule can function enter to different principles. those results are tested in a learn of the fairly unusual behaviour of Basque affricates. one other sector which calls for specific realization, and during which Basque dialects range broadly, is prosody. in addition to stress-accent structures of other varieties, Basque additionally possesses pitch-accent or constrained tonal platforms in a few of its western dialects. This publication will be of curiosity to complex scholars and academics of linguistics, specifically Romance linguistics and lexical phonology.
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Additional resources for Basque Phonology (Interface Series)
By applying Low Vowel Assimilation before Vowel Deletion we would obtain intermediate forms jne5kie/ from /neska-a/, jetsie/ from jetse-a/, /basuej from jbasoa/ and jburue/ from jburu-a/, which are similar to those of Gernika (except for /-of-final stems) and identical to those found in other dialects such as Markina and Bermeo. Vowel Deletion would suppress the final [e] in these items, giving the attested Ondarroa forms [neski] 'the girl', [etsi] 'the house', [basu] 'the forest', and [buru] 'the head'.
A systematic exception to Low Vowel Assimilation is presented by items with a long low vowel. In most Basque dialects, long vowels are rare or non-existent. As mentioned before, a peculiar characteristic of the Arbizu dialect and other varieties in the same geographical area is a well developed length contrast in vowels. The historical origin of the long vowels is as follows. A common optional rule of Basque is the deletion of [p, o, Y, r] intervocalically inside a word. This rule became obligatory for a large number of items in Arbizu, with the consequent disappearance of the consonant from the underlying representation.
For instance, Spanish desarrollado gives [desaroAetu] 'to develop'. Other examples are [teAetu] 'roof', pronounced [teAatu] in other dialects, ultimately from Old Navarrese Romance tel/ado (cf. Sp. tejado) and [o,(ei'] 'rooster', [oAai'] in other dialects, etymologically a compound containing f-ar/ 'male'. Now, in Arbizu, as in many other dialects, the palatal sonorants [Jl] and [A] are not found in word-initial position. This combined with the fact that the palatalization of fl/ and /n/ by a preceding glide brings about the absorption of the glide (cf.