By Douglas Ford
A new look at how Britain’s defence institution realized to interact Japan’s military because the Pacific warfare progressed. Douglas Ford reveals that, ahead of Japan’s invasion of Southeast Asia in December 1941, the British held a contemptuous view of jap army prowess. He exhibits that the situation was once now not helped through the excessive point of secrecy which surrounded Japan’s warfare making plans, in addition to the absence of earlier engagements with the Imperial jap army and military. the autumn of ‘Fortress Singapore’ in February 1942 dispelled the idea that the japanese have been incapable of demanding the West. British army officers stated how their forces within the some distance East have been insufficient, and made a concerted attempt to enhance their energy and potency. although, simply because Britain’s forces have been tied down of their operations in Europe, North Africa and the Mediterranean, that they had to struggle the japanese with restricted assets. Drawing upon the teachings got via Allied stories within the Pacific theatres in addition to their very own encounters in Southeast Asia, the British used the to be had intelligence at the approach, strategies and morale of Japan’s military to make the easiest use of what that they had, and via the remaining levels of the struggle in 1944 to 1945, they have been capable of devise a warfare plan which prepared the ground for the winning struggle attempt. This publication might be of serious curiosity to all scholars of the Second global battle, intelligence experiences, British army historical past and strategic reviews more often than not.
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Additional resources for Britain Secret War Against Japan (Studies in Intelligence)
When Japan occupied Indochina during 1940–1941, Washington initiated the imposition of economic sanctions. In August 1941, Churchill and Roosevelt signed the Atlantic Charter, which formed the basis for Allied war aims to rid the world of fascist aggression and secure national selfdetermination in the postwar world. With the United States taking a more vigorous role in world affairs, Japan was considered more likely to shun the military power the Americans could put up. 51 In the light of evidence which suggested that Japan faced difficulties in confronting the Allied powers, assessments were likely to assume caution.
A M B IG U ITY A N D C O M P L A C E N C Y The final structural feature which deserves attention is the cooperation between Britain and its allies. Intelligence was exchanged periodically with the other European colonial powers in Asia, namely the French and Dutch, as well as the Chinese. However, the most valuable partners were the Pacific Dominions, namely Australia and New Zealand, and more importantly, the United States. In particular, the Americans achieved considerable progress in penetrating Japan’s communications, and were in a favourable position to aid the British.
35 In predicting that Japan would behave cautiously, the British relied on a method of analysis which intelligence theorists and practitioners have defined as ‘projection’,36 a tendency to project one’s values onto the adversary, or ‘mirror imaging’,37 that is, assuming that the other side would follow the same principles as oneself when facing a similar situation. Intelligence staffs and policymakers believed that, because they had concluded the losses Japan was likely to incur from a war against the Allies outweighed the costs, the Japanese leadership thought likewise.