By Nat J. Colletta
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Additional resources for Case studies in war-to-peace transition: the demobilization and reintegration of ex-combatants in Ethiopia, Namibia, and Uganda
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Reinsertion and reintegration are not distinct phases independent of demobilization. Rather, they are part of a seamless web in the transition from military to civilian life, without a clear beginning or end. As reinsertion and reintegration proceed, the needs of ex-combatants change and call for different support activities. To rebuild community social fabric and engender the understanding necessary to rebuild trust, measures of national reconciliation should form part and parcel of a DRP. A successful DRP requires several integrated actions: (a) classifying ex-combatants according to need, skill level, and their desired mode of subsistence, (b) offering a basic transitional assistance package (safety net), (c) finding a way to deliver assistance simply, minimizing transition costs while maximizing benefits to ex-combatants, (d) sensitizing communities and building on existing social capital, (e) coordinating centrally yet decentralizing implementation authority to districts, and (f) connecting the DRP to ongoing development efforts by retargeting and restructuring existing portfolios.
The country studies provide a detailed analysis of the intricate nature of political, economic and sociocultural war-to-peace transition under varying conditions. We hope that our Bank colleagues working in war-torn countries both in Africa and other regions of the world, our donor and NGO partners, and our client countries benefit from this report as they design, implement, and evaluate DRPs. KEVIN CLEAVER DIRECTOR TECHNICAL DEPARTMENT AFRICA REGION Page xv ABSTRACT A successful demobilization and reintegration program (DRP) for ex-combatants is the key to an effective transition from war to peace.