Causes of International War by G. Lowes Dickinson

By G. Lowes Dickinson

"THE item of this sequence is twofold; to disseminate wisdom of the proof of diplomacy, and to inculcate the overseas instead of the nationalistic means of relating to them. This latter objective implies no distortion of proof. it really is was hoping that the books can be came upon to keep up a excessive commonplace of accuracy and fairness...."

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14 This results in a total of 656,870 dyad-years for the period 1816–2000. MIDs are used to identify cases of international conflict in order to test the efficacy of this measure of political activeness for identifying the opportunity for conflict. For a disagreement between states to be considered a MID, at least one of the following events of military confrontation must occur: (1) an explicit threat to resort to military force; (2) a mobilization, deployment, or other display of military force; or (3) an actual resort to military force.

These complete information results rest on the assumption that player types are common knowledge; that is, that both players know with certainty whether or not the other player’s threat is credible. 1 Subgame perfect equilibrium outcomes for the Unilateral Deterrence Game with complete information Soft Hard Status Quo Defender Concedes Soft Challenger Defender Hard Status Quo Status Quo T EST ING PERFEC T D ET ERRENC E T HEORY 45 achieved in international relations. In other words, conditions of incomplete information are prevalent in the international arena.

However, it is also clear that other dyads, which have neither an enduring rivalry nor a territorial dispute, may be in general deterrence relationships as well. To understand why, one can consider each of these concepts in turn. According to Diehl and Goertz (2000), a dyad is in a rivalry if they engage in a MID. 3 While territorial disputes are certainly an important source of international conflict (Bremer 1992; Vasquez 1993; Huth 1996), they are not the only source. Wars and other forms of international conflict are fought for a variety of reasons (Holsti 1991), and these conflicts are failures of deterrence regardless of whether or not they are territorial in nature.

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