Cicero on Divination: Book 1 (Clarendon Ancient History by David Wardle

By David Wardle

Within the Books of De divinatione Cicero considers ideals relating destiny and the potential for prediction: within the first e-book he places the (principally Stoic) case for them within the mouth of his brother Quintus; within the moment, talking in his personal individual, he argues opposed to them. during this new translation of, and observation on, e-book One--the first in English for over eighty years--David Wardle courses the reader throughout the process Cicero's argument, giving specific cognizance to the conventional Roman and the philosophical perception of divination.

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118 To envisage Cicero producing an elaborate patchwork of diVerent sources seems improbable, both on the evidence of his other philosophical works, where the question of his sources is less fraught, and because of the physical diYculties in using papyri rolls in a way necessary for such a production. I start from the simple notion that, in aiming to provide a defence of divination and an explanation of how it works, Cicero would not Wnd an all-encompassing defence and explanation in Cratippus, as the Peripatetic denied the validity of artiWcial divination.

146 Giomini 1971: 19–20 for various interpretations of these words, in particular excluding any reference to the period after 1 June 44. See Att. 14. , quoted in the previous footnote, for an almost identical sentiment. g. 1. 77. By ignoring the relevance of the Coelius epitome for De Natura Deorum 2. 8, Falconer (1923: 324) seeks to advance serious work on De Divinatione before the end of 45. 148 Div. 2. 3. Cicero’s order is followed by Philippson (RE 7A. 1156). Powell (1988: 267–8), however, argues that De Senectute was written mostly between Jan.

The danger of circularity is high, as lost or highly fragmentary works are reconstructed on the basis of a theory and the theory is then bolstered by the reconstruction. 99 Even if these can be largely disregarded, the issues 98 Cf. Beard 1986: 45 quoted above n. 41. g. Schiche 1875; Heeringa 1906; Sander 1908. This bout of source analysis had by and large exhausted itself by the appearance of Pease’s commentary; his introduction gives a sober assessment of the arguments. Later developments, primarily concerned with the thesis of Karl Reinhardt on Cicero’s use of Posidonius, are summarized helpfully by PfeVer (1976: 44–53).

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