Concept, Image, and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis of Grammar by Roanld W. Langacker

By Roanld W. Langacker

This examine monograph develops and illustrates an cutting edge idea of linguistic constitution, referred to as "cognitive grammar", and applies it to consultant phenomena in English and different languages. Cognitive grammar perspectives language as an intergral truth of cognition and claims that grammatical constitution can't be understood or revealingly defined independently of semantic concerns. It argues that grammar varieties a continuum with the lexicon and is reducible to symbolic relationships (i.e. form-meaning pairings), and for this reason that each one legitimate grammatical constructs have a few type of conceptual import.

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Extra info for Concept, Image, and Symbol: The Cognitive Basis of Grammar

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7. Conclusion This initial presentation of cognitive grammar has itself been quite schematic. I do however hope to have shown that currently predominant linguistic theories do not represent the only possible way of conceiving the nature of language structure and linguistic investigation. By taking a radically different perspective on questions of meaning and grammar, it is possible to formulate a coherent descriptive framework which promises to be both cognitively realistic and linguistically well-motivated.

2. Enclosure The prototypical senses of u and a, sketched in Figure 1, predicate that the trajector is contained within a physical landmark of some kind or is external to it, respectively. Certain other senses also involve physical enclosure and are straightforwardly regarded as developments from the prototype. The first of these represents the special case where the trajector is in contact with a surface of the landmark, an inner surface for u and an outer surface for a, as shown in Figure 2. Because these senses are fully compatible with those in Figure 1, we can regard this as a case of specialization rather than extension.

E. above the table designates a Stative relation, not a thing). I thus refer to [ABOVE] in 12(a) as the construction's "profile determinant", and make this role explicit by putting the box enclosing this predication in heavy lines. None of the properties just cited is invariant except the existence of at least one correspondence between substructures of the components. By recognizing these properties as prototypical rather than imposing them as absolute requirements, we obtain the flexibility needed to accommodate the full range of attested construction types.

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