Creatures of the Dark: The Nocturnal Prosimians by Robert W. Sussman (auth.), L. Alterman, Gerald A. Doyle, M.

By Robert W. Sussman (auth.), L. Alterman, Gerald A. Doyle, M. Kay Izard (eds.)

The papers during this quantity are consultant of these offered at a convention entitled "Creatures of the darkish: The Nocturnal Prosimians," held at Duke collage, June 9-12, 1993. the aim of the convention, attended through greater than a hundred scientists, was once to collect, for the ftrst time ever, students from varied ftelds with a standard curiosity within the nocturnal prosimian primates. The heritage of the precursors of this assembly are defined within the old point of view through Doyle (this volume). many of the invited papers are awarded the following in transformed shape, as are numerous papers initially provided as posters. papers are integrated that weren't awarded, because of scheduling conftcts and wellbeing and fitness concerns. a few papers, brought from the rostrum, will not be integrated during this quantity. Interactions between convention contributors ended in many revisions to the contributions, as did the reviews of reviewers and the editors. a number of papers which contained new information or new interpretations of wide-spread phenomena met with confident feedback, leading to amendment of the unique papers. We thank all the members for his or her endurance and cooperation, and commend the various reviewers who generously donated their time and services. We drastically take pleasure in investment from the nationwide Institutes of health and wellbeing, the Wenner­ Gren starting place for Anthropological study, the Duke collage middle for foreign reports, the Duke college Primate heart, and Drs. Charles Putman of Duke collage and Malcolm Gillis, at the moment of Rice Universtiy.

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In S. H. Tuttle, H. Ishida & M. ) Topics in Primatology,v olume 3: Evolutionary Biology, Reproductive Endocrinology and Virology (pp. 259-289). Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press. T. (1990). Primate Origins: Lessons from a neotropical marsupial. American Journal of Primatology, 22, 263-277. Roberts, M. & Cunningham, B. (1986). Space and Substrate Use in Captive Western Tarsiers, Tarsius bancanus. International Journal of Primatology, 7 (2), 113-130. Rollinson, J. D. (1981). Comparative aspects of primate locomotion with special reference to arboreal cercopithecines.

Home range sizes are also positively correlated with "Average Daily Metabolic Needs" (Harvey & Clutton-Brock, 1981), so we might expect T. bancanus to have relatively large total energy requirements. Jablonski & Crompton (1994) have argued that T. bancanus' diet of large invertebrates is itself a response to the high cost of locating and catching isolated insect prey, and maximizes the relative reward for a successful hunt. Large invertebrates are not abundant in tropical rainforest, so that a large home range, and an efficient means of traversing it, are in turn required in order to locate adequate prey.

For example, Jablonski (1989, p. " We have termed this pre-emptive competition "the ghost of competition yet to come" (Masters and Rayner, 1993). This form of the argument is particularly relevant to explanations regarding the evolution of the strepsirhines, since it has been used directly to explain the explosive radiation of the Malagasy forms by several authors. A good example is the following description by Hill (1972, p. 148): "Having once gained sanctuary in Madagascar, the ancestral lemurs underwent rapid evolutionary deployment unhindered by simian competition or predator hazard.

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