By Paul Bayley
The task of parliaments is essentially linguistic job they produce speak and so they produce texts. in the main, the targets that this discourse goals to meet are comparable around the globe, to valid or contest laws, to symbolize diversified pursuits, to scrutinise, the task of presidency, to steer opinion and to recruit and advertise political actors. however the discourse of alternative nationwide parliaments is topic to edition, in any respect linguistic degrees, at the foundation of historical past, cultural specificity, and political tradition particularly. by utilizing numerous analytical instruments of practical linguistics, this quantity seeks to supply explanatory analyses of parliamentary discourse in numerous international locations - Britain, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Spain, Sweden and the U.S. - and to discover its peculiarities. every one bankruptcy outlines a specific methodological framework and its program to cases of parliamentary discourse on vital matters reminiscent of struggle, ecu integration, impeachment and immigration.
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Additional resources for Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Parliamentary Discourse
The papers by Bayley, Bevitori and Zoni, and Bayley and San Vicente are experiments in comparative small-corpus linguistics. The first of these, drawing on a sub-corpus of parliamentary debates on European integration held in Britain, Gemany and Italy between 1992 and 1999 (which is part of a wider domain-specific multilingual corpus including a variety of text-types all related to the question of European integration), examines lexical choices related to the broad semantic area of danger and reaction to danger.
R. Caldas-Coulthard & M. Coulthard, 3–14. London: Routledge. Geis, Michael L. (1987). The Language of Politics. New York: Springer Verlag. Goodrich, Peter (1987). Legal Discourse: Studies in Linguistics, Rhetoric and Legal Analysis. London: MacMillan. Halliday, Michael A. K. & Martin, James R. (1981). Readings in Systemic Linguistics. London: Batsford. Halliday, Michael A. K. (1978). Language as Social Semiotic: the Social Interpretation of Language and Meaning. London: Edward Arnold. Halliday, Michael A.
Finally language has to do these three things at the same time, relating what is being said now to what has been said before as well as relating it to the context of situation in which it is being produced. Within SFL these functions of language are known as metafunctions and they are classified into the ideational (including experiential and logical), the interpersonal and the textual metafunctions and together they represent the basic semantic system of a language – our potential to make meanings.