Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the by Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

By Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Written by way of a unusual Brazilian educational with potent political adventure in reforming the kingdom, this is often an cutting edge research of the results of public administration reform at the new country of the twenty-first century. the result's crucial interpreting for all people with an curiosity in globalization, the politics of the country, and govt reform.

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Additional info for Democracy and Public Management Reform: Building the Republican State

Example text

The nineteenth century was the century of industrial capitalism, economic liberalism, and the liberal state. As Karl Polanyi acutely observes, the century's social history was the result of a double movement: the extension of market organization to ‘real’ commodities, and the restrictions imposed on ‘fictitious’ ones—labour, land, and money. In the liberal state was already embedded the seed of the social state: the protection of labour and of the environment, and, also, the control of money: While on one hand markets spread all over the face of the globe and the amount of goods grew to unbelievable proportions, on the other hand a network of measures and policies was integrated into powerful institutions designed to check the action of the market relative to labour, land, and money.

There is nothing more ruinous to political connection than the fear of justly rewarding your friends, and the promotion of ordinary men of opposite opinions in preference to qualified adherents’ (quoted by Silberman 1993: 348). The Northcote-Trevelyan reports waged a war against such views, but it was defeated. The two authors were unable to demonstrate that a general examination system, or a merit-based professional bureaucracy, was superior—more efficient and more oriented to the public interest—than a patrimonial bureaucracy.

Rosenberg 1958: vii–viii) 22 Rosenberg (1958) : 200, 213, 216. 32 THE RISE OF THE MODERN STATE Charles Tilly, writing about state formation in Europe, quotes this passage and adds: ‘In similar ways, bureaucracies developed their own interests and power bases throughout Europe’ (Tilly 1992: 117). Let us briefly check this affirmation in Britain, France, and United States. Civil Service Reform in Britain The Britain civil service reform starts with the 1853–4 Northcote-Trevelyan Reports, but it effectively moved ahead only with the Orders in Council of 1870.

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