By Anne L. Schneider, Helen M. Ingram, Ingram Helen M.
Public coverage within the usa is marked via a contradiction among the yank excellent of equality and the truth of an underclass of marginalized and deprived those who are generally considered as not worthy and incapable. Deserving and Entitled presents a detailed inspection of many alternative coverage arenas, displaying how using strength and the manipulation of pictures have made it look either common and applicable that a few goal populations reap the benefits of coverage, whereas others don't. those social structures of deservedness and entitlement, until challenged, turn into amplified over the years and institutionalized into everlasting strains of social, fiscal, and political cleavage. The members the following exhibit drawback that too usually public coverage sends messages damaging to democracy and contributes considerably to the trend of asymmetric political participation within the usa.
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Extra info for Deserving and Entitled: Social Constructions and Public Policy
We are further alarmed that so many of the policy-making contexts in the United States today fit this discouraging model of degenerative politics that exacerbates inequality, injustice, and inefficiency in solving problems while eroding ethics of public involvement. There are governing institutions that create an ethics quite different from those in degenerative systems. What is required of a “good citizen” includes participation, empathy, and recognition of both public and private interests. Citizenship is first of all a legal category; but beyond that, it is a sense of belonging to the broader society—a standing within the polity that demands respect (Shklar 1991).
Instead, throughout their ordeal, they remained almost unified in their insistence that they embodied basic American values of industry, integrity, honesty, and that they had earned their citizenship. They lobbied on their own behalf, and once they achieved the franchise they exercised it. Chapter 3 reinforces the larger message of this part of the book—that social constructions are manipulated to build support for the state and to continue the prevailing social structure. The “good” model can exist only so long as there is a “bad” model.
Recipients of benefits are often unaware that government, not the private contractors, should get credit for the help it is providing. Even more serious, recipients of inadequate services often do not know which agency should be held accountable and to whom to complain when performance falls short. As Jurik and Cowgil (chapter 6) indicate, implementation of policies for dependent groups by nonprofit organizations can fall far short of the stated policy goals. Complexity of structure in third-party government generally raises the costs of participation due to the increased efforts required of citizens to unravel lines of authority and accountability.