Discourse and Struggle in Minority Language Policy by Jean-Bernard Adrey (auth.)

By Jean-Bernard Adrey (auth.)

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Additional resources for Discourse and Struggle in Minority Language Policy Formation: Corsican Language Policy in the EU Context of Governance

Sample text

From the Revolution, language unity also served an ideological function insofar as it was a prerequisite to ‘invent’ the French nation, on which the legitimacy of the revolutionaries’ power rested. However, in the French tradition, the link between language and political identity was presented along ideological and political lines of civic equality rather than along lines of ethnic essentialism as in the German model. French language use was presented both as a condition to socioeconomic mobility and, ideologically, as the endorsement of rationalism as the catalyst of progress and of the ‘universal’ values inherited from the Enlightenment and embodied in the Jacobin Republic one and indivisible (Fenet, 2002: 35–36).

Relatedly, the failure of RML defenders to fully actualise the primordial discourse of unity in diversity, on the one hand, and their capacity, on the other, to supersede certain legal constraints, must also be explained. Such an explanation calls for a more elaborate theoretical model and methodological approach to the modus operandi of ideologies and the legal order in shaping institutional practices and determining policy outcomes (Ager, 2001). Such a model must also be able to account for the success of pro-RML lobbying efforts despite an ideological environment where nation-states remain the primary locus of glottopolitical hegemony and the concomitant absence of a legal basis per se for RMLs.

Status distinctions and hierarchisation are political, not linguistic. As noted above, and as will be further illustrated in Chapters 4 and 8, the very totemisation and idealisation of the corpus as the main garment of identity entails language purism. Diglossia – structural-functional models for the analysis of societal multilingualism: strengths and limitations The study and characterisation of situations of bi-/multilingualism has been a central concern in sociolinguistic studies. The earlier literature largely focused on Ferguson’s definition of the concept of diglossia (1959) and its subsequent elaborations by Fishman (1967 and 1972a) as starting points for a discussion of patterns of societal bilingualism, and these concepts are still widely used.

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