By Daniel J. Tichenor
Immigration might be the main enduring and elemental leitmotif of the USA. This ebook is the main strong examine up to now of the politics and regulations it has encouraged, from the founders' earliest efforts to form American id to cutting-edge revealing struggles over 3rd international immigration, noncitizen rights, and unlawful extraterrestrial beings. Weaving a strong new theoretical technique right into a sweeping heritage, Daniel Tichenor ties jointly earlier stories' idiosyncratic motives for specific, pivotal twists and turns of immigration coverage. He tells the tale of full of life political battles among immigration defenders and doubters through the years and of the transformative coverage regimes they built.Tichenor takes us from bright nineteenth-century politics that propelled expansive ecu admissions and chinese language exclusion to the draconian regulations that had taken carry through the Nineteen Twenties, together with racist quotas that later hampered the rescue of Jews from the Holocaust. American international management and curiosity team politics within the many years after global conflict II, he argues, resulted in a stunning enlargement of immigration possibilities. within the Nineteen Nineties, a surge of restrictionist fervor spurred the political mobilization of modern immigrants. Richly documented, this pathbreaking paintings indicates small variety of interlocking temporal strategies, no longer least altering institutional possibilities and constraints, underlie the turning tides of immigration sentiments and coverage regimes. Complementing a dynamic narrative with a number of important tables and timelines, Dividing traces is the definitive therapy of a phenomenon that has profoundly formed the nature of yank nationhood.
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Extra resources for Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America (Princeton Studies in American Politics: Historical, International, and Comparative Perspectives)
12 As noted, enactment of restrictive legislation in 1921 does correspond with an economic recession and high unemployment rates. But the legal foundation for a permanent system of national origins quotas was passed in 1924, well after a return of prosperity that included steady increases in wages, production, and business proﬁts. 15 We can identify further examples of restrictive reforms being produced during times of economic quietude or prosperity. For instance, two important restrictive laws were enacted by Congress over the protests of 22 • Chapter Two immigration defenders in 1950 and 1952: the Internal Security Act and the McCarran-Walter Act.
A temporary restrictive quota system was enacted in 1921 amidst economic depression, and the Great Depression encouraged administrative ofﬁcers to be harsh in their enforcement of the immigration code. In addition, lawmakers replaced national origins quotas in 1965, a time of impressive national economic prosperity. More recently, California voters overwhelmingly supported the 1994 passage of Proposition 187, a measure denying public beneﬁts to certain aliens, against the backdrop of statewide economic stagnation and high unemployment.
Political culture as liberal and republican ideals. Electoral Realignments and Policy Change “Electoral realignment” theory provides one of the most prominent explanations for policy change among broad theories of American politics. In this account, new policy regimes spring from cyclical, seismic shifts in the partisan alignments of voters. 31 Spurred by elements of stress in the American economy, society, and polity, realignments are credited with creating bursts of highly partisan and ideological policy responses to conﬂicts and problems that politics-asusual cannot resolve.