Downsizing Prisons: How to Reduce Crime and End Mass by Michael Jacobson

By Michael Jacobson

Over million individuals are incarcerated in America’s prisons and jails, 8 instances as many on the grounds that 1975. essential minimal sentencing, parole corporations cause on sending humans again to legal, three-strike legislation, for-profit prisons, and different adjustments within the criminal procedure have contributed to this miraculous upward thrust of the overall felony population.

After overseeing the most important urban detention center process within the kingdom, Michael Jacobson understands first-hand the interior workings of the corrections method. In Downsizing Prisons, he convincingly argues that mass incarceration won't, as many have claimed, lessen crime nor create extra public safeguard. easily positioned, throwing away the hot button is no longer the answer.

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Additional resources for Downsizing Prisons: How to Reduce Crime and End Mass Incarceration

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Indeed, the experience raises a key question that state policy makers should be forced to answer: If New York City managed to reduce violent crime and murder so substantially without increasing its use of prison, why do we have to keep building and spending money on prisons in our own backyards? S. 56 While San Diego and New York MASS INC ARCERATION 39 are obviously very different and have used quite different law enforcement strategies, this California city also achieved crime reductions while reducing the number of people sent to prison.

1 Then, as a result of the sheer number of high-profile exonerations over the last decade and the 2000 moratorium on capital punishment declared by Illinois Governor Ryan, public opinion on the death penalty began to change. In 1995, national polls showed that 13% of Americans were not in favor of the death penalty for a person convicted of murder. 2 Public opinion polls also began to show a decline in the relative importance of crime as an issue of concern for Americans as well as a willingness to use alternatives to prison for nonviolent criminals.

1 Percentage Increase of Sentenced Prisoners under Jurisdiction of Correctional Authorities, Selected States, 1990–2002 Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in 2000, and BJS File Corpop02: Prisoners under State or Federal Jurisdiction. related policies. 1 also underscores an overarching similarity among all the states: every state increased the size of its prison system over the last decade. While the states did so at very different rates, not one state system remained at the same level from 1990 to 2002, and no state came close to decreasing its system’s size.

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