Driving Forces in Physical, Biological and Socio-economic by Bertrand M. Roehner

By Bertrand M. Roehner

Lately community technology has turn into a dynamic and promising self-discipline; right here it really is prolonged to discover social and ancient phenomena. whereas we event social interactions each day, there's little quantitative wisdom on them. in its place we're usually tempted to hotel to fanciful reasons to give an explanation for social developments. Exogenous and endogenous interactions are frequently the foremost to figuring out social phenomena and unravelling historic mysteries. This publication starts off through explaining the way it is feasible to bridge the distance among physics and sociology via exploring how community thought can observe to either. It then examines the macro- and micro-interactions in societies. The chapters are mostly self-contained, permitting readers simply to entry and comprehend the sections of such a lot curiosity. This multi-disciplinary e-book should be attention-grabbing to all physicists who've an curiosity within the human sciences and it'll offer an alternate point of view to graduate scholars and researchers in sociology and econophysics.

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Driving Forces in Physical, Biological and Socio-economic Phenomena: A Network Science Investigation of Social Bonds and Interactions

In recent times community technology has turn into a dynamic and promising self-discipline; right here it truly is prolonged to discover social and ancient phenomena. whereas we adventure social interactions each day, there's little quantitative wisdom on them. in its place we're usually tempted to hotel to fanciful causes to give an explanation for social traits.

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Additional resources for Driving Forces in Physical, Biological and Socio-economic Phenomena: A Network Science Investigation of Social Bonds and Interactions

Example text

It has been known since the late nineteenth century that the suicide rate is higher for unmarried than for married people. The ratio is about three for men and two for women (more details will be given in a subsequent chapter). Obviously, in a population in which there are more men than women, not all men will be able to get married and one would therefore expect a higher suicide rate than in a population whose sex ratio is closer to one. Can this prediction be tested? 05. In such a population the expected effect will be very small.

6 7 In the previous parallel with ecological systems this would correspond for instance to populations of rabbits and trout. This, however, is a fairly trivial example in the sense that the two species do not interact because their habitats are completely different. A more relevant example would be two populations of ants (either of the same or of different species) which establish different non-interacting nests. It may be observed that immiscibility is never total. Even two liquids such as hexane and water, which are said to be “immiscible”, are in fact miscible in very small proportions.

6 Although this reasoning is fairly clear it remains rather qualitative. 7 For ternary solutions the picture may be even more complicated. For instance, glycerol and acetone are almost immiscible, but if a sufficiently large quantity of water is added all three components become miscible. Water acts as a facilitator for the mixing of glycerol and acetone. 6 7 In the previous parallel with ecological systems this would correspond for instance to populations of rabbits and trout. This, however, is a fairly trivial example in the sense that the two species do not interact because their habitats are completely different.

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