Einführung in die Politische Wissenschaft by Professor Dr. Otto Heinrich von der Gablentz (auth.)

By Professor Dr. Otto Heinrich von der Gablentz (auth.)

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Additional info for Einführung in die Politische Wissenschaft

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Die Zeitung, die sich an das Publikum wendet, gehört in den Bereich der Bi1dung. Aber Die soziologischen Grundlagen 37 wer ihre gesellschaftliche Rolle analysieren will, mug die wirtschafUiche Seite ebenso kennen und darstellen. Das Annoncenbüro mug sowohl dort betracl1tet werden, wo die Leser behandelt werden, wie dort, wo es urn die Annoncierenden geht, also im Rahmen der Wirtschaft; als Unternehmung der Wirtschaft greift es allerdings über den ursprünglichen Rahmen der Versorgung aus der Natur hinaus.

Sehr lose Bindungen ohne Verpflichtung, aber doch mit einem gewissen gemeinsamen Stil, ergeben ein Publikum. Da hat man kein Standes- oder Klassenbewufl,tsein, schon gar keinen Kastenglauben, wohl aber eine gemeinsame Meinung. Daher ist diese Kategorie wichtig für den politologischen Begriff der öffentlichen Meinung (s. u. 345). Gliederungen nach der Herkunfl: (geburtsständisch), nach der Funktion (berufsständisch) und nach der gesellschafl:lichen Lage (Klassengliederung) schliefl,en einander nicht aus, denn diese drei Elemente finden sich nebeneinander.

Denn diese Stützung ist ein Zeichen für Autorität. Autorität wirkt durch das Sein und auf das Sein. Macht wirkt durch aktuelles oder potentielles Tun auf das Bewugsein. lm alten Rom hatten die Wahlbeamten, Konsuln, Prätoren usw. potestas, weil sie zuständig waren und Befehle erzwingen konnten. Der Senat hatte auctoritas, weil und solange er von den Römern als Vorbild römischer Sitte und römischer Tugend angesehen wurde. Wer Autorität hat, kann sich's leisten zu bitten, wo er berechti,gt wäre zu befehlen.

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