Foundations of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism by Colin Baker

By Colin Baker

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Can you speak this language now? Can you read this language now? Can you write this language now? Another Language __ Yes, quite well __ __ Only a little __ __ No, not now __ __ Yes, quite well __ __ Only a little __ __ No, not now __ __ Yes, quite well __ __ Only a little __ __ No, not now __ __ Never could __ __ Yes, quite well __ __ Only a little __ __ No, not now __ __ Never could __ Allowing a range from learner to expert casts a very wide net without separating the catch into different varieties.

When the focus changes to two languages in society, the term often used is diglossia (Ferguson, 1959; Fishman, 1972, 1980). While the term diglossia has in the last twenty years become broadened and more refined, it was originally a Greek word for two languages. In practice, a language community is unlikely to use both languages for the same purpose. A language community is more likely to use one language in certain situations and for certain functions, the other language in different circumstances and for different functions.

Correspondence/Telephone/Official Communication 7. Teachers 7. Clubs, Societies, Organizations, Sporting Activities 8. Presidents, 8. Leisure & Hobbies Principals, Other Leaders 9. Bureaucrats 9. Religious Meetings 10. Local 10. g. Community computers) A distinction needs to be made between functional bilingualism and language background. (Baker & Hinde, 1984; Baker, 1985). Language background is a wider concept, referring to both participative and non-participative experience of language. '. Functional bilingualism is a narrower concept, concerning direct involvement in a language domain.

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