By Nagesh Kumar
During this booklet, Nagesh Kumar and specialist members study and clarify the rising styles in overseas know-how transfers and overseas direct funding flows (FDIs) over the last 20 years. They examine the tendencies in internationalization of company task in person resource international locations, discussing outflows from either significant and rising resource international locations. This departs from the present remedies of FDI as homogenous source and makes it possible for a extra targeted prediction of destiny outflow styles. all through, the learn focuses upon the results of recent traits for constructing international locations. Kumar concludes through outlining the coverage implications for the governments of such international locations looking to mobilize know-how and FDI for his or her industrialization and extra integration into the overseas group. Controversially, he cautions opposed to over the top optimism in regards to the strength of FDI inflows as an agent of improvement. This booklet attracts jointly a lot information and data which isn't on hand and gives reflections upon foreign enterprise negotiations from a constructing country's point of view.
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Extra info for Globalisation, Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Transfers: Impact on and Prospects for Developing Countries (Unu Intech Studies in New Technology and Development, 7)
One of the technology output indicators considered is patents obtained by inventors from different countries at the US Patents and Trademarks Office over the past twenty-year period (1977–96). Since inventors from anywhere in the world like to register a patent in the US, the world’s biggest market and one providing the most stringent and longest duration of patents (twenty years), US patents are widely considered as surrogates of technological output especially for the purposes of international comparisons.
Although a few Southeast Asian countries have managed to grow in the past by depending upon FDI for technological inputs for upgrading and diversification, they are increasingly becoming conscious of the constraints of this strategy and are making an effort to strengthen local technological activity (Lall, 1997). Trends in corporate concentration in innovative activity Much of the innovative activity within most countries is dominated by a small number of larger corporations. Tuldar and Junne (1988) have, for instance, observed a high concentration of national R&D expenditure in a few large corporations in most of the industrialized countries.
The US companies have favoured a few Latin American countries—Mexico, Brazil and Argentina, and Asian NIEs like Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Hong Kong and Thailand. We see, therefore, that the bulk of international technology transfers is mutually shared by the industrialized countries in the triad. 5 Triad nations in global technology transfers, 1995 Source: Kumar, based on US Department of Commerce; Japan, Management and Coordination Agency; France, INPI; Deutsche Bundesbank; UK, National Statistical Office; OECD.