By Patrick Farrell
Patrick Farrell exhibits how grammatical kinfolk are characterised in competing theories of grammar and divulges the various theories' advantages and obstacles. He compares mainstream generative-transformational thought with formalist and functionalist methods, displaying issues of convergence and divergence. this is often an awesome advent to the sphere for graduate scholars and may be an invaluable reference for theoretical syntacticians of all persuasions.
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Extra info for Grammatical relations
30 Introduction In any case, there are essentially two theoretical stances to the notion of an oblique grammatical relation. In some theories, there is a formally recognized distinct oblique syntactic function, with a variety of semantically determined kinds that can be marked in diVerent ways across languages, as in LexicalFunctional Grammar, for example. g. by not occupying one of the privileged positions in syntactic structure) and are marked in a way that may or may not be semantically determined, as in Transformational Grammar (see Chapter 5) and Role and Reference Grammar (see Chapter 4).
B. c. d. Tom’s gonna slice the bread in the kitchen himself. Tom’s gonna slice the bread himself in the kitchen. Tom’s gonna put the beer in the refrigerator himself. * Tom’s gonna put the beer himself in the refrigerator. 37d) shows, it is possible to place an emphatic reXexive in a postverbal position before a prototypical PP adjunct but not before a prototypical PP argument. g. *Tom reads/studies/works/sleeps himself in the library). For this reason, the emphatic reXexive criterion appears to be inapplicable to the live with X construction.
3), illustrated by the following examples. 35) a. What I’m going to do in the kitchen is slice the bread. b. What I’m going to do in the kitchen is dance. c. *What I’m going to do in the refrigerator is put the beer. d. *What I’m going to do the bread (in the kitchen) is slice. e. the phrase appearing sentence-Wnally following the copula) must include the verb and any arguments that it may have. 35a–b), slice the bread and dance can be in the sentence-Wnal focus position because neither phrase is missing any of the arguments of its verb.