By Florian Coulmas
This booklet offers an obtainable account of the origins and conceptual foundations of language coverage. Florian Coulmas discusses the impression of twenty intellectuals from medieval to trendy instances, and from numerous cultures, who've taken factor with language, its use, improvement, and political power. those 'guardians of language' diversity from well known figures similar to Dante, Noah Webster, and Gandhi, to much less famous members resembling the Spanish grammarian Antonio de Nebrija and Senegalese baby-kisser and poet Leopold Sedar Senghor. every one bankruptcy starts through offering heritage info at the pupil whose paintings is being reviewed and ends with a precis of his key innovations on language within the type of an imaginary interview.
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Additional resources for Guardians of language : twenty voices through history
In the second/eighth century, Basra was an important centre of learning that attracted many scholars who settled there in their pursuit of faith and knowledge. When Sibawayhi was a teenager, Basra was an academic centre of what had within a couple of generations become the vast Muslim world. At the time, Qur’an studies were emerging as a new ﬁeld of scholarship, and Basra had established itself as the pre-eminent school, rivalled only by Kufa. Sibawayhi began his academic career studying jurisprudence (Islamic law) and Hadith (sayings of the Prophet that are not part of the Qur’an) with Hammad ibn Salama, Basra’s mufti or principal interpreter of Islamic law.
Florian Coulmas. © Florian Coulmas 2016. Published 2016 by Oxford University Press. 31 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/12/2015, SPi Dante Alighieri 2005), and was sometimes instructed by a private tutor (Lewis 2001: 25). Scant records exist about Dante’s youth. His childhood love for Beatrice Portinari became a deﬁning force in his life, a love at ﬁrst sight that was idealized and never consummated. By virtue of conjugal contract between families, he married Gemma di Manetto Donati, who bore him four children.
In the early phase of his nineteen years in exile, he moved restlessly from one place to another, ﬁrst Tuscany and then further north to Bologna, Padua, Verona, and Milan. Between 1307 and 1309 he is said to have stayed in Paris. There is no documented conﬁrmation of his sojourn there; however, in view of the far-ﬂung net of Italian banks and trading houses and the close links between Italy and France at the time (the papacy 33 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/12/2015, SPi Dante Alighieri was moved to Avignon in 1309), it would be by no means unusual to travel to Paris and stay there for a while.