How Terrorist Groups End: Lessons for Countering al Qa'ida by Seth G. Jones

By Seth G. Jones

All terrorist teams ultimately finish. yet how? latest teams have ended simply because they joined the political method or neighborhood police and intelligence corporations arrested or killed key contributors. This has major implications for facing al Qa1ida and indicates essentially rethinking post-9/11 U.S. counterterrorism approach: Policing and intelligence, no longer army strength, should still shape the spine of U.S. efforts opposed to al Qa1ida.

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38 There are several examples of political settlement occurring between a government and terrorist group. , New York: Barricade Books, 1996. William Luther Pierce wrote the book under this pseudonym. How Terrorist Groups End 23 ended its terrorist activity following negotiations with the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. 43 It won 112 seats in the national assembly in the October 1994 elections. Finally, the April 19 Movement (Movimiento 19 de Abril, or M-19) in Colombia negotiated a settlement with the Colombian government in 1989 and participated in discussions to draw up a new constitution.

How Terrorist Groups End 19 or kill key members of the group (40 percent). 1 illustrates the results. A large number of groups also end by splintering, but their members continue to pursue terrorism by joining an existing group or creating a new one. 1 33 In generating these percentages, we excluded from the original 648 groups (1) those that were still active (244 groups) and (2) those that ended because of splintering, since the members still used terrorism (136 groups). Out of the 268 remaining groups, 20 ended by military force (7 percent), 27 by victory (10 percent), 107 by policing (40 percent), and 114 by politics (43 percent).

76–100); Kydd and Walter (2006, pp. 58, 76–78). 14 In some cases, groups may choose to participate in politics following a peace settlement with the government. This could be because structural conditions have changed, such as a transition from authoritarianism to democracy. In addition, nonviolent groups may temporarily use terrorism in response to a specific event or events and then return to nonviolence. S. war in Afghanistan in 2001 but then returned to nonviolence. 16 That is, terrorist groups may abandon terrorism because their objectives have been achieved.

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