Is the Death Penalty Just? by Carla Mooney

By Carla Mooney

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The Why Axis: Hidden Motives and the Undiscovered Economics of Everyday Life

Can economics be passionate? … Can it heart on humans and what relatively concerns to them day-in and day-out. … And aid us comprehend their hidden explanations for why they do what they do in daily life?

Uri Gneezy and John record are revolutionaries. Their principles and strategies for revealing what particularly works in addressing titanic social, enterprise, and monetary difficulties offers us new knowing of the explanations underlying human habit. we will be able to then constitution incentives that may get humans to maneuver mountains, swap their behavior—or no less than get a greater deal.

But discovering definitely the right incentive could be like searching for a needle in a haystack. Gneezy and List’s pioneering technique is to embed themselves within the factories, faculties, groups, and places of work the place humans paintings, stay, and play. Then, via large-scale box experiments carried out “in the wild,” Gneezy and record discover humans of their traditional environments with out them being conscious that they're observed.

Their randomized experiments have printed how you can shut the space among wealthy and bad scholars; to prevent the violence plaguing inner-city faculties; to decipher no matter if girls are particularly much less aggressive than males; to properly fee services; and to find the genuine explanation why humans discriminate.

To get the solutions, Gneezy and record boarded planes, helicopters, trains, and cars to embark on trips from the foothills of Kilimanjaro to California wineries; from sultry northern India to the cold streets of Chicago; from the playgrounds of faculties in Israel to the boardrooms of a few of the world’s greatest firms. within the Why Axis, they take us alongside for the experience, and during attractive and colourful tales, current classes with great payoffs.

Their revelatory, startling, and pressing discoveries approximately how incentives rather paintings are either innovative and immensely useful. This learn will swap either the best way we expect approximately and take motion on substantial and little difficulties. rather than counting on assumptions, we will be able to discover, via proof, what fairly works. someone operating in company, politics, schooling, or philanthropy can use the technique Gneezy and checklist describe within the Why Axis to arrive a deeper, nuanced knowing of human habit, and a greater realizing of what motivates humans and why.

Reviews:

“Gneezy and record. .. focus on inventive 'field experiments' that elucidate the workings of social psychology and selection making. .. Writing within the Freakonomics vein of breezy pop-econ. .. The authors’ lucid, attractive exposition of thought-provoking study spotlights a few of our extra perverse promptings—and their underlying good judgment. "
—Publishers Weekly, STARRED Review

“Fun, Freakonomics-style tales approximately why humans do the issues they do…. Gneezy and record provide illuminating discussions on many issues, from the variations among animus-based and fiscal discrimination to how girls can develop as much as be extra aggressive and shut the gender hole within the hard work marketplace. ”
—Kirkus Reviews

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—Alvin E. Roth, winner of the Nobel Prize in monetary Sciences

“It is tough to visualize any tale of innovation in our brooding about economics that doesn't contain Uri and John. either of their self reliant paintings and of their joint initiatives, they've got improved and checked out the delicate underbelly of economics. I can’t give some thought to a e-book that I’m waiting for greater than this one. ”—Prof. Dan Ariely, Professor of Behavioral Economics, Duke college; writer, Predictably Irrational and The Upside of Irrationality

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“Gneezy and checklist are of the main extraordinary and engaging economists on the earth. Their paintings is at the same time scientifically course breaking and available to most of the people. They've studied prosaic markets like baseball card conventions, daycare facilities, and auto-repair outlets, yet their rules are so deep that Gneezy and record demonstrate that those mundane markets end up to carry the secrets and techniques of human motivation and human habit. Their paintings has revolutionized all of social technology. I can't wait to learn a publication that they write. ”—Prof. David Laibson, Professor of Economics, Harvard University

“Since it may possibly swap the way in which we either take into consideration and take motion on colossal and little difficulties, [The Why Axis] will be required studying for these in company, philanthropy, politics, healthcare, and education—as good as for someone attracted to figuring out the complicated the explanation why we do what we do. It's a invaluable spouse to Freakonomics and SuperFreakonomics in addition to books and articles by way of Gary Becker, who used to be offered the 1992 Nobel Prize in fiscal sciences”—Huntington News

“John checklist and Uri Gneezy have performed pioneering paintings in economics on tremendous, advanced difficulties equivalent to discrimination, no matter if gender transformations are innate or the results of social pressures, and the way to shut the distance among inner-city scholars and those that stay in filthy rich parts. a person attracted to discovering suggestions to those and different significant difficulties will locate their publication a wealthy source. ”
—Tyler Cowen, professor of economics, George Mason college, and blogger, MarginalRevolution. com

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Extra info for Is the Death Penalty Just?

Example text

It is a human rights violation. We need to end it now,”32 she says. Wrongful Convictions Every year in the United States mistakes occur in the justice system, and people like Damon Thibodeaux go to jail for crimes they did not commit. Since 1989 more than two thousand people have been convicted and later exonerated of serious crimes, according to researchers from the University of Michigan Law School and the Center on Wrongful Convictions at Northwestern University School of Law. Some of these convictions occurred because defendants pled guilty to a crime they did not commit in order to avoid a longer prison sentence.

Only the president has the power to grant a pardon for federal death row inmates. • Since 1973 over 140 people have been released from death row with evidence of their innocence, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. • There have been 316 post-conviction DNA exonerations in the United States, according to the Innocence Project. • The Innocent Project reports that false confessions and incriminating statements lead to wrongful convictions in approximately 25 percent of cases. • Informants contributed to wrongful convictions in 18 percent of cases, as reported by the Innocence Project.

The study authors concluded, “The present study confirms what earlier studies have shown: that the death penalty is imposed on women relatively infrequently and that it is disproportionately imposed for the killing of women. Thus, the death penalty . . appears to be applied in accordance with stereotypes about women’s innate abilities, their roles in society, and their capacity for violence. ” Quoted in Steven F. Shatz and Naomi R. Shatz, “Chivalry Is Not Dead: Murder, Gender, and the Death Penalty,” University of San Francisco Law School, 2011.

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