La Naissance de la science, tome 1 : Mésopotamie - Égypte by André Pichot

By André Pichot

Les sciences de los angeles Mésopotamie, de l'Égypte et de los angeles Grèce présocratique forment un ensemble cohérent, où les connaissances mésopotamiennes et égyptiennes (acquises sans véritable méthode) ont été reprises dans un esprit tout différent par l. a. Grèce. À l. a. Mésopotamie dont les plus grandes réussites scientifiques sont liées aux mystiques mumérique et astrologique, à l'Égypte plus soucieuse d'esprit pratique, succède une technological know-how grecque qui se préoccupe moins d'accumuler les résultats 'positifs' que de trouver des principes généraux et une explication rationnelle (ou tendant vers l. a. rationalité). Cet ensemble cohérent forme l. a. resource principale de los angeles technology occidentale. Celle-ci ne négligera pas d'autres apports (indiens, chinois, arabes...), mais ils se grefferont sur un corpus dont les grands principes et l'orientation générale auront déjà été établis.

La technology, en ses origines, a suivi deux voies distinctes : los angeles voie des objets et los angeles voie de l'esprit scientifique.
La voie des objets consiste en l. a. première différenciation d'études qui se structurent autour d'objets propres (les nombres, les astres, les êtres vivants...), mêlant empirisme, rationalité, magie et mystique.
La voie de l'esprit scientifique est d'abord celle, philosophique, par laquelle l. a. rationalité est élevée au rang de critère de vérité. C'est ensuite los angeles voie par laquelle les disciplines préscientifiques sont reprises et transformées dans cet esprit nouveau, propre à los angeles démocratie grecque.

Show description

Read Online or Download La Naissance de la science, tome 1 : Mésopotamie - Égypte PDF

Best science books

Harnessed: How Language and Music Mimicked Nature and Transformed Ape to Man

The clinical consensus is that our skill to appreciate human speech has developed over millions of years. in the end, there are entire parts of the mind dedicated to human speech. We learn how to comprehend speech earlier than we will even stroll, and will seamlessly take in huge, immense quantities of knowledge just by listening to it.

Science through children's literature: an integrated approach

The Butzows' groundbreaking, severely acclaimed, and best-selling source has been completely revised and up-to-date for state-of-the-art lecture room with new titles and new actions. greater than 30 fascinating educational devices combine all components of the curriculum and function types to educators in any respect degrees.

Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors: From Basic Science to Clinical Applications

Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptors (PPARs) allure nice recognition in gentle of the large spectrum of genes of organic and scientific relevance pointed out as lower than their keep an eye on. for that reason, our wisdom of the function of those receptors in body structure and pathology keeps to develop at a quick speed and PPARs became an engaging objective for the remedy of many pathological stipulations, together with diabetes and atherosclerosis.

Additional info for La Naissance de la science, tome 1 : Mésopotamie - Égypte

Sample text

8), which produces SA = A3 . 1 − 3A + 3A2 This equation has an interesting shape with a rapid change in the middle of the range of A, clearly showing the nonlinearity in the relationship implied by the cube function. This shape means that the winning party’s gains are more pronounced in this area and less dramatic toward the tails. 4. Taagepera (1986) looked at this for a number of elections around the world and found some evidence that the rule fits. S. 93, which is not too far off the theoretical value of 3 supplied by Parker.

The discovery of negative numbers must have also perturbed the Pythagoreans because they believe in the beauty and primacy of natural numbers (that the √ diagonal of a square with sides equal to one unit has length 2 and that caused them great consternation). It turns out that nature has an affinity for e since it appears with great regularity among organic and physical phenomena. This makes its use as a base for the log function quite logical and supportable. As an example from biology, the chambered nautilus (nautilus pompilius) forms a shell that is characterized as “equiangular” because the angle from the source radiating outward is constant as the animal grows larger.

Essentially this is a method of looking at data and figuring out an underlying trend in the form of a straight line. We will not worry about any of the calculation details here, but we can think about the implications. What does this particular line mean? It means that for a 1% positive change (say from 50 to 51) in a district’s poverty, they will have an expected reduction in the pass rate of three-quarters of a percent. Since this line purports to find the underlying trend across these 303 districts, no district will exactly see these results, but we are still claiming that this captures some common underlying socioeconomic phenomena.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 35 votes