By Sabine Kuhlmann, Geert Bouckaert
This e-book compares the trajectories and results of neighborhood public region reform in Europe and fills a study hole that has existed to this point in comparative public management and native executive reports. in accordance with the result of rate learn entitled, ‘Local Public zone Reforms: a world Comparison’, this quantity takes a European-scale technique, analyzing neighborhood executive in 28 international locations. neighborhood executive has been the main heavily stricken by the continually increasing worldwide monetary main issue and austerity guidelines in a few nations, and is experiencing a interval of elevated reform job for that reason. This booklet considers either these neighborhood governments that have followed or moved clear of New Public administration (NPM) modernization to ‘something various’ (what a few commentators have labelled ‘post-NPM’), in addition to these that have applied ‘other-than-NPM measures’, similar to territorial reforms and democratic techniques.
Read or Download Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National Trajectories and International Comparisons PDF
Similar public policy books
Can economics be passionate? … Can it middle on humans and what rather issues to them day-in and day-out. … And aid us comprehend their hidden causes for why they do what they do in daily life?
Uri Gneezy and John checklist are revolutionaries. Their rules and techniques for revealing what particularly works in addressing monstrous social, company, and financial difficulties supplies us new knowing of the causes underlying human habit. we will then constitution incentives which can get humans to maneuver mountains, swap their behavior—or no less than get a greater deal.
But discovering the best incentive should be like trying to find a needle in a haystack. Gneezy and List’s pioneering process is to embed themselves within the factories, colleges, groups, and places of work the place humans paintings, stay, and play. Then, via large-scale box experiments carried out “in the wild,” Gneezy and checklist realize humans of their usual environments with out them being acutely aware that they're observed.
Their randomized experiments have printed how you can shut the distance among wealthy and bad scholars; to forestall the violence plaguing inner-city faculties; to decipher even if girls are rather much less aggressive than males; to properly cost services and products; and to find the true explanation why humans discriminate.
To get the solutions, Gneezy and record boarded planes, helicopters, trains, and vehicles to embark on trips from the foothills of Kilimanjaro to California wineries; from sultry northern India to the cold streets of Chicago; from the playgrounds of faculties in Israel to the boardrooms of a few of the world’s biggest organisations. within the Why Axis, they take us alongside for the trip, and during attractive and colourful tales, current classes with tremendous payoffs.
Their revelatory, startling, and pressing discoveries approximately how incentives fairly paintings are either innovative and immensely functional. This learn will switch either the best way we expect approximately and take motion on monstrous and little difficulties. rather than counting on assumptions, we will be able to discover, via proof, what relatively works. someone operating in enterprise, politics, schooling, or philanthropy can use the technique Gneezy and checklist describe within the Why Axis to arrive a deeper, nuanced realizing of human habit, and a greater figuring out of what motivates humans and why.
“Gneezy and record. .. focus on creative 'field experiments' that elucidate the workings of social psychology and determination making. .. Writing within the Freakonomics vein of breezy pop-econ. .. The authors’ lucid, attractive exposition of thought-provoking study spotlights a few of our extra perverse promptings—and their underlying good judgment. "
—Publishers Weekly, STARRED Review
“Fun, Freakonomics-style tales approximately why humans do the issues they do…. Gneezy and checklist provide illuminating discussions on many subject matters, from the variations among animus-based and financial discrimination to how ladies can develop as much as be extra aggressive and shut the gender hole within the hard work marketplace. ”
“[T]rue trailblazers in a single of the best ideas in economics of the final fifty years. ”
—Steven D. Levitt, coauthor of Freakonomics
“Uri Gneezy is a pioneer whose paintings tears down the wall among the lab and the sector. ”
—Alvin E. Roth, winner of the Nobel Prize in fiscal Sciences
“It is tough to visualize any tale of innovation in our puzzling over economics that doesn't contain Uri and John. either of their self sustaining paintings and of their joint tasks, they've got improved and checked out the delicate underbelly of economics. I can’t contemplate a booklet that I’m looking ahead to greater than this one. ”—Prof. Dan Ariely, Professor of Behavioral Economics, Duke college; writer, Predictably Irrational and The Upside of Irrationality
“John checklist and Uri Gneezy are one of the ultimate behavioral economists on this planet. Their principles were groundbreaking, and their study has been commonly learn and highly influential. I'll be wanting to learn any e-book they produce. ” —Prof. Daniel Gilbert, Professor of Psychology, Harvard collage and writer of Stumbling on Happiness
“John List’s paintings in box experiments is progressive. ”—Prof. Gary Becker, collage of Chicago, Nobel Laureate in Economics
“John checklist and Uri Gneezy have performed the pioneering monetary paintings on no matter if gender modifications are innate or the results of social pressures. they're of America's best younger economists and their paintings is with nice curiosity. ”—Prof. Tyler Cowen, George Mason collage; writer, the commercial Scene and blogger, Marginal Revolution. com
“John checklist and Uri Gneezy are leaders within the region of experimental and behavioral economics and emerging stars of the career. Their paintings bridges the space among the lab and the sphere and permits us to profit how fiscal brokers make genuine judgements in managed environments and because the fiscal stakes swap. A e-book bringing their unique views and types has the possibility of being a true domestic run. ”—Prof. Daron Acemoglu, Professor of Economics, M. I. T, coauthor of Why countries Fail
“Gneezy and record are of the main marvelous and fascinating economists on this planet. Their paintings is concurrently scientifically direction breaking and obtainable to most people. They've studied prosaic markets like baseball card conventions, daycare facilities, and auto-repair outlets, yet their principles are so deep that Gneezy and checklist demonstrate that those mundane markets prove to carry the secrets and techniques of human motivation and human habit. Their paintings has revolutionized all of social technology. I can't wait to learn a ebook that they write. ”—Prof. David Laibson, Professor of Economics, Harvard University
“Since it might probably swap the way in which we either take into consideration and take motion on significant and little difficulties, [The Why Axis] may be required studying for these in company, philanthropy, politics, healthcare, and education—as good as for an individual attracted to realizing the complicated the explanation why we do what we do. It's a invaluable significant other to Freakonomics and SuperFreakonomics in addition to books and articles by way of Gary Becker, who was once offered the 1992 Nobel Prize in fiscal sciences”—Huntington News
“John record and Uri Gneezy have performed pioneering paintings in economics on huge, advanced difficulties reminiscent of discrimination, no matter if gender ameliorations are innate or the results of social pressures, and the way to shut the distance among inner-city scholars and those that stay in filthy rich parts. someone drawn to discovering ideas to those and different significant difficulties will locate their e-book a wealthy source. ”
—Tyler Cowen, professor of economics, George Mason college, and blogger, MarginalRevolution. com
Prostitution has develop into an exceptionally topical factor lately and a spotlight has concentrated either at the state of affairs of lady prostitutes and the adequacy of present types of rules. Prostitution, Politics & Policy brings jointly the most debates and matters linked to prostitution so as to learn the variety of coverage concepts which are on hand.
In lowering Toxics, best specialists deal with undefined, know-how, well-being, and coverage concerns and discover the potential of toxins prevention on the and facility degrees. they think about either the regulatory and institutional settings of toxics relief tasks, prescribe techniques for constructing a prevention framework, and follow those ideas in studying case reports.
To provide an explanation for the basics of public coverage, this best-selling textual content specializes in the method at the back of the crafting of laws. through analyzing the person steps--from choosing an issue, to schedule atmosphere, to review, revision, or termination of a policy--students may be able to see how various factors impact the construction of coverage.
- Harvesting Feminist Knowledge for Public Policy: Rebuilding Progress
- Against the Odds?: Social Class and Social Justice in Industrial Societies
- Making People Behave: Anti-social Behaviour, Politics and Policy
- The Hybrid Media System: Politics and Power
Additional info for Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National Trajectories and International Comparisons
These diverse reform activities have contributed to transforming local government systems and patterns of local governance in Europe. Against this background, it is cause for concern and criticism that analysis of the local level is conspicuously neglected in the current comparative research concerning public sector modernization. Even recent comparative studies on public management reform (see Bouckaert et al. 2010; Lægreid and Verhoest 2010; Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011) as well as investigations reported by the OECD (2010) and World Bank (2007) deal almost exclusively with central government and national administrative levels.
Comparing the examples of Brandenburg, Slovakia, and Slovenia, they demonstrate that the various forms of IMC found in the country cases differ widely in their outcomes depending on (more favorable or more unfavorable) context conditions. Part II of the volume addresses internal administrative reforms inspired by the NPM guided principles of performance management, performance budgeting, performance-related pay and other new forms of human resource management (HRM). The contribution by Mussari, Tranfaglia, Reichard, Bjørnå, Nakrošis, and Bankauskaitė-Grigaliūnienė (Chapter 6) deals with the design and implementation of local performance budgeting (PB) from INTRODUCTION: COMPARING LOCAL PUBLIC SECTOR REFORMS ...
Furthermore, majoritarian systems are more likely to push far-reaching comprehensive reforms (but also to witness frequent policy reversals) than are consensus-oriented governments where negotiations, bargaining and an overall orientation towards compromise are predominant. Hence, reforms can be expected to be more incremental and cautious, but possibly also benefit from more comprehensive “ownership” and acceptance which might increase their sustainability over time. (2) Administrative culture and tradition: As many of the reform measures treated in this book were originally borrowed from private sector enterprises, we would expect them to be implemented more hesitatingly in Continental European countries with legalist administrative cultures characterized by a separation between the public and private (legal) sphere and a predominance of rule orientation.