Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National by Sabine Kuhlmann, Geert Bouckaert

By Sabine Kuhlmann, Geert Bouckaert

This e-book compares the trajectories and results of neighborhood public region reform in Europe and fills a study hole that has existed to this point in comparative public management and native executive reports. in accordance with the result of rate learn entitled, ‘Local Public zone Reforms: a world Comparison’, this quantity takes a European-scale technique, analyzing neighborhood executive in 28 international locations. neighborhood executive has been the main heavily stricken by the continually increasing worldwide monetary main issue and austerity guidelines in a few nations, and is experiencing a interval of elevated reform job for that reason. This booklet considers either these neighborhood governments that have followed or moved clear of New Public administration (NPM) modernization to ‘something various’ (what a few commentators have labelled ‘post-NPM’), in addition to these that have applied ‘other-than-NPM measures’, similar to territorial reforms and democratic techniques.

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Additional info for Local Public Sector Reforms in Times of Crisis: National Trajectories and International Comparisons

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These diverse reform activities have contributed to transforming local government systems and patterns of local governance in Europe. Against this background, it is cause for concern and criticism that analysis of the local level is conspicuously neglected in the current comparative research concerning public sector modernization. Even recent comparative studies on public management reform (see Bouckaert et al. 2010; Lægreid and Verhoest 2010; Pollitt and Bouckaert 2011) as well as investigations reported by the OECD (2010) and World Bank (2007) deal almost exclusively with central government and national administrative levels.

Comparing the examples of Brandenburg, Slovakia, and Slovenia, they demonstrate that the various forms of IMC found in the country cases differ widely in their outcomes depending on (more favorable or more unfavorable) context conditions. Part II of the volume addresses internal administrative reforms inspired by the NPM guided principles of performance management, performance budgeting, performance-related pay and other new forms of human resource management (HRM). The contribution by Mussari, Tranfaglia, Reichard, Bjørnå, Nakrošis, and Bankauskaitė-Grigaliūnienė (Chapter 6) deals with the design and implementation of local performance budgeting (PB) from INTRODUCTION: COMPARING LOCAL PUBLIC SECTOR REFORMS ...

Furthermore, majoritarian systems are more likely to push far-reaching comprehensive reforms (but also to witness frequent policy reversals) than are consensus-oriented governments where negotiations, bargaining and an overall orientation towards compromise are predominant. Hence, reforms can be expected to be more incremental and cautious, but possibly also benefit from more comprehensive “ownership” and acceptance which might increase their sustainability over time. (2) Administrative culture and tradition: As many of the reform measures treated in this book were originally borrowed from private sector enterprises, we would expect them to be implemented more hesitatingly in Continental European countries with legalist administrative cultures characterized by a separation between the public and private (legal) sphere and a predominance of rule orientation.

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