By Natalie Klein, Joanna Mossop, Donald R. Rothwell
Maritime safety is of important significance to Australia and New Zealand as either international locations rely on maritime delivery for his or her monetary survival. because the occasions of September eleventh 2001, major questions were raised to whether Australia and New Zealand are effectively ready for the results of a tremendous disruption to worldwide delivery following a terrorist assault on a number one neighborhood port resembling Hong Kong or Singapore. huge efforts have additionally been undertaken to enhance responses to an array of maritime protection threats, similar to transnational crime, environmental toxins, and piracy and armed robbery.
This quantity identifies these concerns that quite have an effect on Australia and New Zealand’s maritime safety, comparing the problems from criminal and political views, and proposes tools for making improvements to maritime safeguard within the nations. whereas the focal point is totally on Australia and New Zealand, the scope extends to nearby concerns, addressing concerns relating to Pacific Island states, Southeast Asia and the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic sector. The ebook additionally addresses strategic partnerships reading the impression of the us, and analyses concerns in the vast framework of overseas legislation and politics.
Maritime defense: foreign legislation and coverage views from Australia and New Zealand may be of significant curiosity to students of overseas legislations, diplomacy and maritime affairs, maritime execs, inner most and govt legal professionals, in addition to diplomats, consuls and govt officers.
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Extra resources for Maritime Security International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand
Since the time of the earliest debates between Grotius and Selden with respect to the freedom of the seas, maritime security and national security have been fundamental to the development of the law. While the initial debates over the theoretical foundation of the law of the sea were resolved in favour of the Grotian vision of the freedom of the seas,7 limits on that freedom were acknowledged early on, with coastal states able to gain support for some form of control over a narrow offshore area of waters.
The dynamic of these dimensional 34 ‘Report on the work of the United Nations Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea at its Ninth Meeting: Letter dated 25 July 2008 from the Co-chairpersons of the Consultative Process addressed to the President of the General Assembly’, 25 July 2008, UN Doc. A/63/174, Part B, para. 70-1. , Part A, para. 10(e). 36 This is best reflected by the fact that, other than in Antarctica, neither Australia nor New Zealand shares a land boundary with any neighbouring state.
While these countries have a unique geographical position, and hence face unique challenges, many of the problems and their solutions are also applicable in other areas of the world. 2 Maritime Security and the Law of the Sea Donald R. Rothwell and Natalie Klein The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC)1 created a new framework for the conduct of maritime affairs. The influence of the LOSC extends from the recognition of a variety of maritime zones, and the rights and duties of states therein, to the conservation and management of living and non-living resources, and the protection and preservation of the marine environment.