Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires,

This e-book explores the improvement of navigation within the eighteenth and 19th centuries. It examines the function of fellows of technological know-how, seamen and practitioners throughout Europe, and the realities of navigational perform, displaying that outdated and new tools have been complementary no longer particular, their use depending on many competing components.

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Extra resources for Navigational Enterprises in Europe and its Empires, 1730-1850 (Cambridge Imperial and Post-Colonial Studies Series)

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A. Bayly, The Imperial Meridian. The British Empire and the World, 1780–1830 (London & New York: Longman, 1989); see also David Todd, ‘A French Imperial Meridian, 1814–1870’, Past and Present, 210 (2011), 155–86. 7. On Pedro Nunes, see the works of Henrique Leitão, including his edition of his complete works: Pedro Nunes, Obras, ed. by Henrique Leitão, 6 vols (Lisbon: Academia das Ciências, Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian, 2002–12); Henrique Leitão, ‘Maritime discoveries and the discovery of Science: Pedro Nunes and Early Modern Science’, in Más allá de la Leyenda Negra: España y la Revolución Científica.

230–46. 36. Capel, Geografía y matemáticas, pp. 239–54. 37. Thomas F. Glick, ‘Imperio y dependencia científica en el XVIII español e inglés: La provisión de los instrumentos científicos’, in Ciencia, vida y espacio en Iberoamerica, ed. 3 (1994), 817–34. 38. Juan Pimentel, La física de la Monarquía. Ciencia y política en el pensamiento colonial de Alejandro Malaspina, 1754–1810 (Madrid: Doce Calles, 1998). 39. María Dolores Higueras, Catálogo crítico de los documentos de la Expedición Malaspina (1789–1794) del Museo Naval, 3 vols (Madrid: Museo Naval, 1985–94).

186, 190. 14. Extract resolution Admiralty of the Maze, 7 October 1788, NA, Archieven Admiraliteitscolleges (hereafter AA), Aanhangsel XII (Collectie Florijn) no. 2. 15. Davids, Zeewezen en wetenschap, p. 328. 16. , pp. 263, 328–29. 17. , pp. 293, 328. 18. Instructie voor de examinatoren van ’s Lands stuurlieden 19 January 1797, NA, Collectie P. van der Heim nr. 76; Instructie voor den mathematicus en examinator van ’s Lands zee-officieren, 14 September 1795, NA, Archief Marine 1795–1813 Aanhangsel I nr.

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