Neotyphodium/Grass Interactions by G. C. M. Latch (auth.), Charles W. Bacon, Nicholas S. Hill

By G. C. M. Latch (auth.), Charles W. Bacon, Nicholas S. Hill (eds.)

An summary of Neotyphodium-Grass Interactions; G.C.M. Latch.Evolution and Systematics of Grass-Endophyte Associations: The Evolution of Mutualism in Grass-Endophyte institutions; H.H.Wilkinson, C.L. Schardl. Systematics of the GraminicolousClavicipitacea: purposes of Morphological and Molecular ways; J.F. White.Ecological Interactions of Endophyte-GrassAssociations: Ecological range in Neotyphodium-Infected Grasses as encouraged by means of Host and Fungus features; A. Leuchtmann. effects of Endophyt-Infected Grasses on Plant; K. Clay. Soil Invertebrate Species variety and Abundance in Endophyte-Infected Tall Fescue Pastures; E.C. Bernard, et al.Commercial makes use of ofEndophyte-Infected Grasses: The overview and Use of Endophytes for Pasture development; L.R. Fletcher, H.S. Easton. Use of usual and reworked Endophytes for Turf development; C.R. Funk, J.F. White.Animal Toxicoses: Fescue Toxicosis in Horses; D.L. Cross. Physiological Manifestations of Endophyte Toxicosis in Ruminant and Laboratory Species; J.W. Oliver. 6 extra Chapters. brief Papers. Index.

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Work is required to evaluate the biological features of these tropical genera. 10. Re-Classification to Neotyphodium Recently we have begun to reexamine genera of gramincolous Clavicipitaceae using molecular systematics. Glenn et ai. (1996) examined 18S rDNA of several Acremonium endophytes and numerous members of other species of non-endophytic Acremonium. This study showed that the genus Acremonium Link represents conidial states of the family Hypocreaceae (Ascomycotina), and that the grass endophytes are all members of the family Clavicipitaceae.

Baconii and E. typhina. At least three separate hybridization events are required to explain the origins and diversity of endophytes in hexaploid tall fescue. - 5 Fungal species ichloe typhina MP-I Host species Loiium perenne LpereMe Holcus lanatus Oactylis glomerata Phleum pratensa Anthoxanthum odoratum Brachypodium syivaticum Brachypodium pinnatum Neotyphodium sp. E. c1arkii MP-I E. typhina Mp·1 E. _-E. typhina MP-I Epichloe sp. MP·VII typhina MP-I N. coenophialum Festuca pratensis Poa pratensis Festuca arundinacea LpereMe Festuca spp.

C. Green (BPI). 4. Distribution. Species of this genus occur in Asia, Europe, and North America. The conidial states of Epichloe, classified in Neotyphodium (= Acremonium sect. Albolanosa Morgan-Jones & W. Gams) are common endophytes of cool-season grasses throughout the world; however, the Epichloe states do not form on many plants in the northern hemisphere and has not been encountered at all in the southern hemisphere. 5. Comments. Because these endophytes are limited to cool-season grasses and the sexual states occur only in the northern hemisphere, it is a reasonable hypothesis that these fungi evolved in the northern hemisphere and have spread southward losing the capacity for sexual reproduction in the process.

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