By United Nations
Common pensions on hand to all people of eligible age, despite source of revenue, resources or employment historical past, have many merits over precise pensions. during this research, the writer examines the pension platforms of Bolivia and Antigua within the context of non-contributory pensions world wide, concluding with coverage classes.
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Additional info for Non-contributory Pensions: Bolivia And Antigua in an International Context (Financiamiento Del Desarrollo)
This sum would go a long ways toward implementation of a universal, non-contributory age pension in Antigua. 0 1973 1977 1981 1985 m in im u m p e n s io n 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 a s s is t a n c e p e n s io n 37 Non-contributory pensions: Bolivia and Antigua in an international context Old age pensions for all Antiguans? Old age pensions became an issue in Antigua’s general elections of March 2004. The Antigua Labour Party (ALP, 2004), which had been in power continuously since 1976, promised voters increased benefits and lower taxes.
The quoted figures are for the cumulative deficit of the system, not the annual deficit. 5% of covered wages promised by Government but never effected. 49 Non-contributory pensions: Bolivia and Antigua in an international context The new scheme The same legislation that created the Bonosol on 1 May 1997 ended the old PAYG Social Security system and the Complementary Pension Funds, replacing them with pre-funded, individual accounts under private management. 5 percent as a management fee for the pension fund administrators (AFPs), which charge additional asset management fees.
These additional benefits were not explicitly guaranteed by government, but “the discretionary interventions to bail out complementary funds in trouble created an implicit guarantee for them” (Von Gersdorff, 1997, p. 2). Coverage of the system remained low, with fewer than 12 percent of the labour force contributing to Social Security. The number of active participants actually fell from more than 320,000 in 1980 to approximately 300,000 at the end of 1996, and two-thirds of those remaining were public sector employees.