Plant Oils as Fuels: Present State of Science and Future by Dr. Norbert Martini, Professor Dr. Jozef S. Schell (auth.)

By Dr. Norbert Martini, Professor Dr. Jozef S. Schell (auth.)

This quantity comprises the papers awarded on the Symposium having an identical identify held in Potsdam, Germany, February 16-18, 1997. The symposium used to be meant as a discussion board for economists, engineers, ecologists and toxicologists to give and trade their principles for making improvements to the product Biodiesel and to debate those perspectives with professional plant bioscientists. The problem for the latter was once and should be to figure out no matter if biotechnical tools could be utilized adequately to introduce new houses into the rape plant, an instance for a few different vegetation additionally appropriate for creation of renewable power. The homes involved are these that allows you to enhance the product Biodiesel gas economically, technologically and particularly toxicologically such that it'll then own these features pointed out because the ultimate through the scientists. It was once, hence, now not the objective of the symposium to judge Biodiesel as a kind of power below the current stipulations, yet relatively to discover a solution to the query of the probabilities Biodiesel could have available in the market of the future.

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Extra resources for Plant Oils as Fuels: Present State of Science and Future Developments Proceedings of the Symposium held in Potsdam, Germany February 16–18, 1997

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2-3 % of crude oil production) ~ no large vehicle amounts to be expected ® High cost for the overall economy, otherwise not competitive to crude oil based fuels and natural gas ~fiscal incentives necessary 46 Mercedes-Benz has approved a large number of passenger cars and commercial vehicles for Biodiesel operation; it would go beyond the scope of this paper if I tried to describe the entire volume of approvals. However, one important prerequisite that always applies is a fuel in accordance with DIN V 51606, possibly conversion to Biodiesel-resistant materials and compliance with the operating instructions on the change intervals of lubricating oil, fuel filters etc.

Rudolf Diesel initially used fuels based on mineral oil, preferably petroleum. However, the visionary very soon realised the possibilities offered by fuels from plant sources. Already at the Paris World Fair in 1900 a small diesel engine was operated with peanut oil, and his patent document in 1912 states: The use of plant oil as fuel may seem insignificant today, but in the course of time such products can become as important as petroleum and coal tar products are today. I cannot here go into the overall business economics situation of today, so let me just point out that regrowing plant fuels contribute towards the solution for serious present day problems [2).

LcsAME,start)) -100 -90 -80 -70 -60 - -50 -40 -30 -20 -10 o [%] • 00 IoU 39 One can also see that with about the same vapor pressure oleic acid methyl ester disappears to a much larger extent (polymerisation), and that linoleic acid methyl ester disappears to a very large extent. obviously because this doubly unsatuIated ester has a much higher tendency for polymerisation than oleic acid methyl ester. With the pure materials, the concentration-

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