Policy Networks and Policy Change: Putting Policy Network by H. Compston

By H. Compston

This research applies coverage community idea to significant technological, fiscal, environmental and social developments to generate propositions concerning the way forward for public coverage. one of the findings are that we should always anticipate extra business-friendly guidelines, extra intrusive legislations enforcement, extra women-friendly regulations, and greater weather regulations.

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Additional info for Policy Networks and Policy Change: Putting Policy Network Theory to the Test

Example text

They may also vary in whether they try to manage networks and, if so, in what ways. 4. Perceived problems and solutions At first glance it would appear that changes in perceived problems and solutions are also direct causal antecedents of resource exchange. Perceptions of problems and solutions held by policy actors obviously constrain the range of policy alternatives considered by network members. It follows that changes in these perceptions can cause changes 42 Policy Networks and Policy Change in this range of alternatives, leading in at least some cases to changes in the policy alternatives actually chosen.

Conversely, a less effective strategy would be expected to result in policy decisions that are less in line with the relevant actor’s policy preferences. In addition, different strategies can lead to different policy decisions by leading to public actors making different types of policy concessions. Different alliances, for example, might permit an actor to achieve different policy goals. One obvious example of this is when a liberal party leaves a governing coalition with a social democratic party to join a new majority coalition with a conservative party, as the German FDP did in 1982: in such a case one would expect that progress on liberal social policy goals would be replaced by progress on liberal economic goals.

By the same token private actors may provide public actors with political support if they get the policy amendments that they want or may mobilize against the government if they don’t. Let’s have a look at these tradable resources in more detail, starting with those that only public actors possess. 1. Policy amendments By ‘policy amendment’ as a tradable resource is meant a change in the choice of policy instrument(s) and/or settings in areas such as regulation, funding and taxation in the direction desired by the actor with whom the relevant resource exchange is taking place.

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