By Lee J. Alston
Combining insights from economics, political technological know-how, and historical past, Professors Alston and Ferrie convey how the timing and quantity of the expansion of the yankee welfare country from the Civil conflict till the mid-1960s used to be encouraged via the Southern agricultural elite. ahead of the mechanization of Southern agriculture, the agricultural landed pursuits had an monetary incentive to maintain hard work reasonable and established. They comprehensive this via their disproportionate political strength on the neighborhood, country, and nationwide point, which enabled them to take care of a discriminatory felony atmosphere and forestall federal interference in hard work kin.
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Additional info for Southern Paternalism and the American Welfare State: Economics, Politics, and Institutions in the South, 1865-1965 (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
345-55 and 667. Key's formal analysis of Southern unity only covered the years 1933, 1937, 1941, and 1945. 16 For a synthesis of the issues surrounding the debate, see Cox and McCubbins, Legislative Leviathan. 17 Cox and McCubbins, Legislative Leviathan, label the House Ways and Means, Rules, and Appropriations Committees the control committees. 40 The Politics of Maintaining Paternalism composition of control committees, will illuminate the sources of the South's political power. Decision making in Congress is not completely democratic.
Other changes took longer for the planter elite to achieve. These changes included: The clarification of lien laws (through 2 Ibid, p. 248. , p. 244. 4 Valelly, "Party, Coercion, and Inclusion," pp. 45-51. , pp. 48-9. 3 35 Southern Paternalism and the American Welfare State the state legislatures) to ensure that the landlord's claim to the crop superseded the rights of country merchants or wage laborers; the resolution of the legal status of sharecroppers (through the courts) to that of wage workers rather than tenants; and the virtual disfranchisement of blacks and many poor whites (through the legislatures and courts).
71 His argument hinges on path dependence - the extent to which circumstances at a point in time are the result of circumstances at previous points in time. 72 Slavery and the turbulence of the postbellum period further insulated the South and helped produce a distinct Southern culture. Once the South was perceived as different by Southerners and others, cultural differences acted as a further check on migration. The lack of large numbers of expatriate Southerners outside the South also stemmed out-migration: The network externalities that induce people to move where they have many personal contacts were absent for most Southerners.