By S. Mangen
Spanish Society After Franco investigates the origins of collective social welfare from the early 19th century, to set the context for an research of up to date social coverage from the point of view of monetary and political tendencies because the transition of democracy within the mid-1970s. The assessment of coverage evolution is complemented by way of an exam of the serious influence of social switch, quite the decline of the facility of the church, local devolution, the gender measurement and social exclusion.
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Extra info for Spanish Society After Franco: Regime Transition and the Welfare State
The new service was not to receive state transfers. Indeed, surpluses were diverted to subsidizing other government activities. Threequarters of the insurance levy was paid by employers (Saturno, 1988). The project had been formulated with the mass of low-paid workers in mind and, in general, sickness and allied bene®ts were restricted and low. Coverage by the early 1960s had reached only 45 per cent of the population. The service model was deeply curative: prevention and health promotion were explicitly not included, although in international terms this was nothing odd.
Nothing came of his vaguer plans for contributory comprehensive social protection (Libro Blanco, 1977). The Second Republic Perversely, some of the more successful policies of Primo de Rivera were to ease the transition to the Second Republic after his overthrow. 4 At a time when other countries were turning to the radical right, Spain was attempting to instigate a democratic state based on social liberal principles. The agenda of republican leaders ultimately envisaged a welfare state equivalent to northern European standards.
8 Unemployment compensation legislation was revised in 1961, but continued to exclude domestic workers and the large number of shortterm and casual workers in agriculture and ®sheries. These, together with hospital reform, new measures for subsidized housing and, later, comprehensive reform of education cumulatively changed the direction of public expenditure: for the ®rst time, social policy, as a budgetary item, gained in prominence over other mainstream outlays like defence (Comin, 1992). Debate about fundamental social security reform had gathered pace in the late 1950s, when autarky was being dismantled.