The Lagoon: How Aristotle Invented Science by Armand Marie Leroi

By Armand Marie Leroi

An excellent examine of Aristotle as biologist

The philosophical classics of Aristotle loom huge over the historical past of Western idea, however the topic he such a lot enjoyed was once biology. He wrote great volumes approximately animals. He defined them, categorised them, instructed us the place and the way they reside and the way they advance within the womb or within the egg. He based a technology. it might also be stated that he based technology itself.

In The Lagoon, acclaimed biologist Armand Marie Leroi recovers Aristotle’s technology. He revisits Aristotle’s writings and the locations the place he labored. He is going to the japanese Aegean island of Lesbos to determine the creatures that Aristotle observed, the place he observed them. He explores Aristotle’s observations, his deep principles, his encouraged guesses—and the issues he received wildly improper. He exhibits how Aristotle’s technology is deeply intertwined together with his philosophical method and divulges that he was once not just the 1st biologist, but additionally one of many greatest.

The Lagoon is either a travelogue and a examine of the origins of technological know-how. And it indicates how a thinker who lived virtually millennia in the past nonetheless has a lot to coach us this day.

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It has been founded in 1777 as an initiative of Rossijn. The original full name was ‘Gezelschap ter Beoefening en Bevordering van de proef-ondervindelijke Natuurkunde’: Association for the practice and promotion of experimental physics. Originally, its primary aim was to collect funds to buy instruments for scientific research. The Association is still active today as one of the oldest of such societies in the Netherlands. It was an important reason why physics in Utrecht was a prominent field of study when Kapteyn entered its university.

Snelders, De schei- en natuurkunde aan de Utrechtse universeit in de negentiende eeuw [2]), the universities at Leiden, Groningen and Utrecht were instituted with five Faculties, including a separate one for mathematics and physics. In this Faculty, four professors taught the subjects of mathematics, physics, astronomy, chemistry, biology and agriculture. It was separate from the faculties of philosophy and literature, medical sciences, theology and law. 2 Kapteyn and His Academic Lineage In Appendix A, I have traced the academic lineage of Kapteyn.

It obtains its name from the town located in the western corner, Krimpen aan den IJssel. ‘Krimp’ used to mean a bend in a river. A ‘waard’ is an inter-fluvial area between rivers, in this case the Lek and the Hollandse IJssel. A ‘schepen’ is a municipal senior magistrate and ruler and Heukelom is a small municipality in the province of North-Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. ‘But before him many generations were probably educators. Archives do mention names, but seldom occupations. In those days it was customary for sons to follow in their fathers’ – or indeed relatives’ – footsteps professionwise, and this is the way it went with the Kapteyns.

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