By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
The OECD technological know-how, know-how and Outlook 2006 bargains a entire assessment of key traits in technological know-how, know-how and innovation coverage, and up to date coverage advancements in OECD international locations. as well as reading major traits around the OECD, the document delves into particular issues which are excessive at the time table of innovation coverage makers, together with the function of highbrow estate rights and expertise licensing markets in innovation functionality, rules to augment merits of the globalisation of commercial R&D, human assets for technology and know-how, and the evaluate of innovation coverage. whereas maintaining its specialise in advancements in OECD nations, this version of this biennial e-book highlights key advancements in a few vital non-member economies, together with China, Russia and South Africa. A statistical annex presents up to date facts on R&D investment, patents, researchers and different signs of leading edge functionality.
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Extra info for The OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2006
Regional differences remain. In Japan the share of total publications increased in physical sciences, engineering, technology and mathematics and social and behavioural sciences and declined in life sciences. The EU saw declines in life and physical sciences, but increases in other fields. In the United States, engineering, technology and mathematics increased while other fields declined, apart from life sciences which remained the same. These results are not surprising given different patterns of R&D investment.
The project also adds value by collecting more qualitative information on the perception and plans of doctoral graduates regarding their employment and international mobility. For example, data on the satisfaction of doctorate holders regarding their salaries, working conditions or career opportunities can be of great value for steering research systems. Next steps in the project will involve the finalisation and endorsement of the new methodological guidelines, hopefully by the end of 2006, and their future implementation in a wide number of OECD and non-OECD economies.
The reduction in industry funding of university research may also suggest a need for more efficient mechanisms of knowledge and technology transfer. The growth of the services sector will require attention to a broader set of innovating organisations and to forms of innovation that are less reliant on R&D. The development of more open innovation processes that link business, universities and government in a tighter innovation network will necessitate even greater attention to collaboration and to issues of intellectual property protection.