The Phonetics and Phonology of Gutturals: A Case Study from by Amanda L. Miller-Ockhuizen

By Amanda L. Miller-Ockhuizen

This booklet is the 1st particular research and outline of phonotactic sound styles affecting Khoesan click on consonant inventories. it is also the 1st quantitive learn of phonation kinds in Khoesan languages, and the 1st learn of phonation forms linked to pharyngeal consonants throughout. even if bases of OCP constraints were presumed to be perceptual, this is often the 1st quantitive learn exhibiting the acoustic foundation of a specific OCP constraint in a particular language. Amanda L. Miller-Ockhuizen describes the phonetics and phonology of gutturals within the Khoesan language of Ju|'hoansi. Hers is the 1st examine of voice caliber cues linked to epiglottalized vowels. therefore, it's the first learn to teach that laryngeal and pharyngeal vowels are unified phonetically via non-modal voice characteristics linked to them. it's also the 1st learn to teach that during addition to laryngeal coarticulation, wherein voice caliber cues linked to laryngeal consonants are unfold to a following vowel, pharyngeal coarticulation additionally includes spreading of voice caliber cues. therefore, guttural consonants are united in that all of them unfold voice caliber cues onto a following vowel. Voice caliber cues stumbled on on vowels following guttural consonants are as huge as comparable cues linked to guttural vowels.This acoustic similarity is proven to be the foundation of a unique Guttural OCP constraint present in the language, that is verified to exist through co-occurrance styles came upon over a recorded database of all of the identified roots. therefore, this is often the 1st e-book to supply an in depth perceptual foundation of an OCP constraint. The database examine additionally stories a number of different novel phonotactic constraints regarding gutturals, in addition to a reanalysis of the well known again Vowel Constraint. This booklet describes either phonetics and phonology of the average classification of guttural consonants, and exhibits via a quantitive acoustic research how the phonetic cues linked to those sounds are the bases of phonotactic constraints regarding them.

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Additional resources for The Phonetics and Phonology of Gutturals: A Case Study from Ju 'hoansi (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)

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All guttural consonants and vowels are shown to display relatively high or low spectral slope, as well as increased harmonics-to-noise ratio values compared with modal vowels and modally release consonants, within the C-V transition. The structure of this dissertation is as follows. In chapter 2, I lay out the inventories of Ju|’honasi consonants and vowels, and describe the acoustic properties that define the class of guttural consonants and vowels in Ju|’hoansi. I also provide acoustic evidence that the class of medial consonants in Ju|’hoansi are all sonorants.

Other subjects in this study, who maintain a lowered velum, produce discontinuous closure voicing. Female subject NU’s productions exhibit discontinuous closure voicing for all fifteen tokens produced in this study. In such subjects’ productions, there is a period of voicelessness prior to the click noise-burst, leading to discontinuous voicing in the click. Thus, the degree of continuity of voicing in clicks is subject to a great degree of inter-speaker variation. In this study, it appears that female subjects, like subject NU, are more likely to exhibit discontinuous closure voicing, while male subjects, like subject KK, are more likely to exhibit continuous voicing, using other articulatory strategies to maintain voicing throughout the entire click.

Fully epiglottalized and partially epiglottalized vowels). Therefore, subtle timing contrasts implementing a single acoustic cue are allowed in Ju|’hoansi, but highly similar contrasts involving the same acoustic dimension cannot cooccur, where the acoustic cues involved in contrasts belonging to consonants or vowels are realized over the same temporal domain, namely the C-V transition. Thus acoustic modulation on a given dimension is enforced in order to assure the perceptibility of sequential contrasts.

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