Trafficking of women and children in Indonesia by Fatimana Agustinanto; Ruth Rosenberg; International Catholic

By Fatimana Agustinanto; Ruth Rosenberg; International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC); American Center for International Labour Solidarity (Solidarity Center); et al

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Extra resources for Trafficking of women and children in Indonesia

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The chapters which follow will go into greater depth and analysis of the different forms of trafficking in Indonesia. Since dropping out of school, Dewi (not her real name) and her family have been trying to find a good job for her to earn money to help the family. She was 16 years old when an agent came to the village looking for women who were interested in going to Singapore to work as housemaids. The salaries were higher than anything Dewi, a young woman with only a junior high school education could ever hope to earn in Indonesia.

In other cases, women and girls who leave their villages for the big cities to find jobs are approached by taxi drivers offering them lucrative jobs, and are then brought to brothels where they are either coerced or persuaded to remain. Though often not recognized, parents can traffick their children through the abuse of their formal and informal parental authority. In some districts of Indonesia, especially in Java, there are sub-cultures where the families of underage girls arrange for them to move to the cities to enter the sex industry in order to earn higher incomes than would otherwise be possible.

In order to speed up processes and change critical information – especially children’s ages - workers documents are often falsified even when migrating through legally– registered brokers. This puts migrants at risk in the destination country for a variety of immigration violations. Migrants also incur large debts to agents, often from illegal fees and high interest rates. Salaries are cut to pay back these debts, and in extreme cases, workers find themselves in a situation of debt bondage from which they can never escape.

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