Vegetation and climate interactions in semi-arid regions by M. M. Verstraete, S. A. Schwartz (auth.), A.

By M. M. Verstraete, S. A. Schwartz (auth.), A. Henderson-Sellers, A. J. Pitman (eds.)

The chapters during this part position the issues of crops and weather interactions in semi-arid areas into the context which recur through the booklet. First, Verstraete and Schwartz evaluate desertification as a means of worldwide swap comparing either the human and climatic elements. The topic of human influence and land administration is mentioned extra by means of Roberts whose evaluate specializes in semi-arid land-use making plans. within the 3rd and ultimate bankruptcy during this part we go back to the meteorological subject. Nicholls stories the results of El Nino/Southern Oscillation on Australian plants stressing, specifically, the interplay among vegetation and their climatic atmosphere. Vegetatio ninety one: 3-13, 1991. three A. Henderson-Sellers and A. J. Pitman (eds). plants and weather interactions in semi-arid areas. © 1991 Kluwer educational Publishers. Desertification and international swap 2 M. M. Verstraete! & S. A. Schwartz ! Institute for distant Sensing functions, CEC Joint examine Centre, Ispra institution, TP 440, 1-21020 Ispra (Varese), Italy; 2 division of Atmospheric, Oceanic and house Sciences, The collage of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI48109-2143, united states accredited 24. eight. 1990 summary Arid and semiarid areas disguise one 3rd of the continental parts in the world. those areas are very delicate to numerous actual, chemical and organic degradation approaches jointly known as desertification.

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Vegetation and climate interactions in semi-arid regions

The chapters during this part position the issues of plants and weather interactions in semi-arid areas into the context which recur in the course of the publication. First, Verstraete and Schwartz overview desertification as a strategy of international switch comparing either the human and climatic elements. The subject of human influence and land administration is mentioned extra via Roberts whose evaluate makes a speciality of semi-arid land-use making plans.

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L. & Nicholls, N. 1983. Seasonal relationships between Australian rainfall and the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev. 111: 1998-2004. J. & Weston, EJ. 1990. Management for pastoral production in northern Australian savannas. (in preparation ). , Haines, A. & Srikanthan, R 1987. Runoff variability: A global perspective, in, The influence of climate change and climatic variability on the hydrologic Regime and water resources. lARS Publication No. 168. V. 1981. A comparison of vegetation height in relation to the effectiveness of rainfall in the mediterranean and adjacent arid parts of Australia and South Africa.

Wong, K. 1990. Dependence of rainfall variability on mean rainfall, latitude, and the Southern Oscillation. J. Climate 3: 163-170. N. & Hodgkinson, KC 1986. The ecological significance of irregular fire in Australian rangelands. W. B. ), Rangelands: A resource under seige. Australian Academy of Science, Canberra, 634 pp. , Xueliang Wang & Ropelewski, CF. 1989. The biennial component of ENSO variability. J. Marine Systems (submitted). M. , 1982, Variations in tropical sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the Southern Oscillation / EI Nino.

In irrigation areas typified by discontinuities at scales of a few hundreds of metres, recurrent development of boundary layers poses problems of measurement and interpretation as to areal losses of evaporation from those intensively managed regions.

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